Dianthus deltoides subsp. deltoides

IntroducedIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 161. Mentioned on page 162.

Plants cespitose, matted. Stems ascending, simple proximally, branched distally, (4.5–) 10–40 cm, puberulent; sterile shoots matted, 3–6 cm. Leaves: sheath 0.5–1.5 mm, ca. equaling stem diam.; blade linear to linear-lanceolate (flowering-stems) or oblanceolate (sterile stems), 0.6–2.6 cm, green, margins ciliate. Inflorescences open, 2–4-flowered cymes or often flowers solitary; bracts absent; bracteoles 2 (or 4), green, ovate, ca. 1/3–1/2 times as long as calyx, herbaceous with ± scarious margins, apex aristate. Pedicels 4–12 (–30) mm. Flowers: calyx 25–30-veined, 10–17 mm, glabrous or minutely pubescent, lobes narrowly lanceolate to linear, 3–5 mm; petals light or dark-pink to purple (rarely white), often with darker band at base of blade, bearded, 4–9 mm, apex dentate. Capsules 12–13 mm, somewhat shorter than calyx. Seeds 1.1 mm. 2n = 30 (Europe).


Phenology: Flowering early summer.
Habitat: Roadsides, meadows, shores, open woods, waste places
Elevation: 40-2700 m

Distribution

V5 329-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Ill., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., Wis., Wyo., Europe, in e Asia (China), in e Asia (Japan), in e Asia (Russian Far East)

Discussion

Subspecies deltoides is often cultivated and occasionally escapes, perhaps not persisting in the northern part of its range.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
awned +  and not hooded +
Richard K. Rabeler +  and Ronald L. Hartman +
Linnaeus +
dentate +, emarginate to 2-fid +  and entire +
linear +  and linear-lanceolate or oblanceolate +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
reduced +
herbaceous +  and scarious +
1/3-1/2 times as long as calyx +
25-30-veined +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
ovoid;cylindric +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
2-4-flowered +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Europe +, in e Asia (China) +, in e Asia (Japan) +  and in e Asia (Russian Far East) +
40-2700 m +
conspicuous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
stalked +  and simple +
Roadsides, meadows, shores, open woods, waste places +
scarious +  and herbaceous +
sessile +  and petiolate +
whorled +  and opposite +
connate +
reddish +  and green +
narrowly lanceolate +  and linear +
reddish +  and white +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
fugacious +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
Flowering early summer. +
stout +  and slender +
papillose-striate +  and papillate +
compressed +  and shield--shaped +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6.2 cm62 mm <br />0.062 m <br />) +
persistent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
branched +  and simple +
prostrate +, decumbent +  and sprawling +
angled;terete +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
[30 +  and 2 +
papillate +
distinct +
filiform +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Caryophyllaceae subfam. Silenoideae +
Dianthus deltoides subsp. deltoides +
Dianthus deltoides +
subspecies +
divided +
20-60-veined +
reddish +  and green +
terete +  and cylindric +
stoloniferous +, rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
plant +, matted +  and cespitose +
pubescence of simple hairs or stalked glands +  and glabrous +