Dicranodontium denudatum

(Bridel) E. Britton in N. L. Britton et al.

in N. L. Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 15: 151. 1913,.

Basionym: Dicranum denudatum Bridel Muscol. Recent., suppl. 1: 184. 1806
Synonyms: Dicranodontium millspaughii E. Britton Dicranodontium virginicum E. Britton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 395. Mentioned on page 394.

Plants yellowish-brown to dark green, glossy, in loose to dense tufts. Stems 2–4 (–8) cm, radiculose proximally with reddish-brown rhizoids. Leaves erect-flexuose to falcate-secund, spreading at ca. 30º, 3–8 mm, often deciduous, setaceous, auriculate at base, subtubulose to tubulose throughout, margins entire proximally, serrulate near apex, apex acute; costa indistinct, occupying ca. 1/3–1/2 of leaf base; cells not thick-walled or pitted, distal cells rectangular to linear, 24–47 × ca. 7 µm, basal-cells 9–14 µm wide, alar cells usually forming auricles, hyaline or reddish. Seta 8–12 mm, curved or cygneous. Capsule 1.6–2 mm, oblong-cylindric, erect; opercula about as long as capsule. Spores 10–15 µm.


Habitat: Moist, shaded, acidic, rarely sandstone, outcrops and cliffs, damp humus, rotten logs and stumps, or on peat and in wet depressions in bogs
Elevation: 0-2040 m

Distribution

B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), Que., Ala., Alaska, Fla., Ga., Ky., Maine, N.H., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Mexico, Europe, Asia

Discussion

Sporophytes of Dicranodontium denudatum are rare in North America, and the season when capsules are mature is unknown. This species is more widespread in the flora area than the other two. It is recognized by the setaceous, erect-flexuose to falcate-secund leaves with auriculate bases with inflated, hyaline or sometimes reddish alar cells. The leaves are commonly deciduous leaving the stems often partially denuded, and revealing scars and whitish remnants of leaf bases that are very characteristic of the species. The cells above the alar region and adjacent to the costa are narrowly rectangular, hyaline or sometimes reddish.

At first glance this species is easily confused with sterile plants of species in other genera; e.g., Dicranella heteromalla, Paraleucobryum longifolium, Ditrichum crispatissimum, D. flexicaule, D. pallidum, Dicranum fulvum, and Campylopus spp. The distinctive features noted above, however, will aid in recognizing D. denudatum. In addition, it differs from all of the above except Campylopus spp. by the usual occurrence of rhizoids on the abaxial surface of the costa. It is easily distinguished from Campylopus by its costa smooth in the mid leaf region compared to the costa of the latter having ridges or lamellae.

Dicranodontium subporodictyon Brotherus, Symb. Sin. 4, fig. 20. 1929

Known in North America only from cliff faces, outcrops, or boulders near waterfalls, or rarely damp boggy places at low elevations in western British Columbia, this species has recently been transferred to Campylopus by B. H. Allen & Ireland. The costa of Dicranodontium subporodictyon has ridges or small lamellae on the abaxial surface, as well as a number of other morphological features characteristic of Campylopus. It differs from other species of Dicranodontium in the flora area by leaves gradually tapering from base to subula, and laminal cells elongate, incrassate, and pitted through most of the lamina.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Dicranodontium denudatum"
persistent +  and deciduous +
Robert R. Ireland Jr. +
(Bridel) E. Britton in N. L. Britton et al. +
short to long +
9um +  and 14um +
Dicranum denudatum +
microphyllous +
pseudomonoicous +, dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
reproduction +  and asexual +
cucullate +
oblong-cylindric +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
not thick-walled +
reddish +  and hyaline +
specialized +
dioicous +  and sexual +
inflated +
incrassate +
percurrent;excurrent +
1/3 +  and 1/2 +
prorate on abaxial surface +  and smooth +
rectangular +  and linear +
B.C. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, Que. +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, Maine +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Mexico +, Europe +  and Asia +
0-2040 m +
Moist, shaded, acidic, rarely sandstone, outcrops and cliffs, damp humus, rotten logs and stumps, or on peat and in wet depressions in bogs +
falcate-secund +
erect-flexuose +
auriculate +  and acute +
falcate-secund +
erect-flexuose +
deciduous +
auriculate +  and setaceous +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
serrulate +  and entire +
long-rostrate +
nonpitted +  and pitted +
toothed +  and forked +
filamentous +
pitted-striolate +
papillose +  and striolate +
undifferentiated +
in N. L. Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. +
reddish-brown +
cygneous +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
spherical +
branched;simple +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
superficial +
Dicranodontium millspaughii +  and Dicranodontium virginicum +
Dicranodontium denudatum +
Dicranodontium +
species +
deciduous +
striolate +
divided +
yellowish-brown +  and dark green +
medium-sized;large +