Diplacus brandegeei

(Pennell) G. L. Nesom

Phytoneuron 2012-54: 1. 2012.

Common names: Santa Cruz Island or broadleaf monkeyflower
Conservation concern
Basionyms: Mimulus brandegeei Pennell Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 99: 170. 1947
Synonyms: M. latifolius A. Gray 1876
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 446. Mentioned on page 429, 445.

Herbs, annual. Stems erect, 10–100 mm, glandular-puberulent to glandular-pubescent. Leaves mostly cauline, relatively even-sized; petiole absent, larger with petiolelike extension; blade narrowly to broadly ovate to broadly elliptic, (4–) 8–39 × (2–) 4–23 mm, margins entire or crenate, plane, proximal 1/2 usually ciliate, apex obtuse, surfaces glandular-pubescent. Pedicels 1.5–4 mm in fruit, not twisting to invert calyx. Flowers 2 per node, or 1 or 2 per node on 1 plant, chasmogamous. Calyces distinctly asymmetrically attached to pedicel, inflated in fruit, 8–13 mm, glandular-pubescent, lobes subequal, apex obtuse, ribs green, intercostal areas pale green to whitish. Corollas: throat magenta, golden yellow at base, limb magenta, palate ridges golden yellow, purple-speckled, tube-throat 12–19 mm, limb 5–11 mm diam., bilabiate, abaxial lip smaller than adaxial. Anthers (distal pair) nearly exserted, glabrous. Styles pubescent distally. Stigmas exserted, lobes unequal, abaxial 3–4 times adaxial. Capsules (5–) 6–11 mm, indehiscent.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–Apr(–May).
Habitat: Rocky, brushy slopes.
Elevation: 100–300 m.

Distribution

Calif., Mexico (Baja California)

Discussion

Diplacus brandegeei is known only from Santa Catalina (Los Angeles County), Santa Cruz (Santa Barbara County), and Guadalupe (Baja California) islands. The earliest name for the species, Mimulus latifolius A. Gray, was first transferred to Diplacus as D. latifolius (A. Gray) G. L. Nesom, but that name is a later homonym of D. latifolius Nuttall.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Diplacus brandegeei"
3-4 times adaxial lobes +
Guy L. Nesom +  and Melissa C. Tulig +
(Pennell) G. L. Nesom +
Mimulus brandegeei +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (3.9 cm39 mm <br />0.039 m <br />) +
ovate;broadly elliptic +
not +, leathery +  and not fleshy +
4mm;23mm +
glandular-pubescent +
inflated +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
Santa Cruz Island or broadleaf monkeyflower +
not +, rarely radially symmetric +  and weakly strongly bilabiate +
white;yellow;orange;yellow;orange;purplish brown;purple;lavender;magenta;red;pink;blue +
Calif. +  and Mexico (Baja California) +
100–300 m. +
petiole-like +
hairy +  and glabrous +
reflexed;nodding;erect +
reduced +
compressed;asymmetrically ovoid;lanceoloid or nearly cylindric +
Rocky, brushy slopes. +
gland-tipped +
pale green +  and whitish +
alternate +, opposite +, rosulate +  and subrosulate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
equal-sized +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
triangular;deltate +
unequal +  and subequal +
palmate +  and subpinnate +
plane +, crenate +  and entire +
wing-angled +  and angled +
2 +  and 1 +
chasmogamous +
basal +  and superior +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
orthotropous +  and anatropous +
purple-speckled +  and golden yellow +
rarely more or less equal to or slightly longer +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Flowering Mar–Apr(–May). +
Phytoneuron +
flattened +, ovoid +  and oblong +
Conservation concern +
deciduous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
glandular-pubescent +
M. latifolius +
Diplacus brandegeei +
Diplacus +
species +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
golden yellow +  and magenta +
10 +, 9 +  and 8 +