Diplacus cusickii

(Greene) G. L. Nesom

Phytoneuron 2012-39: 28. 2012.

Common names: Cusick’s monkeyflower
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Eunanus cusickii Greene Pittonia 1: 36. 1887
Synonyms: Mimulus cusickii (Greene) Rattan
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 439. Mentioned on page 429, 436, 440, 442.

Herbs, annual. Stems erect to erect-ascending, 10–80 mm, distal internodes 2–20 mm, minutely glandular-puberulent. Leaves basal and cauline or usually cauline, relatively even-sized or gradually larger distally; petiole absent, proximal base short petiolelike, 1–5 mm; blade ovate to broadly elliptic-ovate, (10–) 15–25 (–35) × 4–17 mm, margins entire, plane, apex acuminate, surfaces glabrous or adaxial minutely glandular-puberulent. Pedicels 1–1.5 mm in fruit. Flowers 2 per node, or 1 or 2 per node on 1 plant, chasmogamous. Calyces symmetrically attached to pedicels, not inflated in fruit, 7–10 mm, glabrous or minutely stipitate-glandular, lobes unequal, apex linear-acuminate, sharp-pointed, ribs green distally, intercostal areas whitish. Corollas magenta or rose-purple, tube yellow, throat yellow, throat and distal tube red-spotted on floor, palate ridges yellow, tube-throat 13–16 (–19) mm, limb 16–24 mm diam., bilabiate. Anthers included, glabrous or sparsely hirsutulous. Styles pubescent, at least on distal 1/2. Stigmas exserted, lobes subequal. Capsules 10–15 mm.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jul.
Habitat: Slopes, canyons, washes, ditches, sand talus, diatomaceous slopes, basalt outcrops, black volcanic gravel, volcanic ash and sand, sagebrush areas.
Elevation: 800–1000 m.

Discussion

Diplacus cusickii is endemic to northern Malheur County, Oregon, and along the Snake River in Ada and Owyhee counties, Idaho. Its narrow geographic range reflects the segregation of the more widely distributed D. cusickioides.

D. M. Thompson (2005) noted that collections in northern Malheur County, Oregon, were intermediate between Mimulus cusickii and M. nanus; the type of M. cusickii is from this area and is among the narrowly endemic, supposedly putative intermediates (G. L. Nesom 2013c). These plants have abruptly and sharply acuminate leaf apices like the more widespread form traditionally identified as Diplacus cusickii; they differ in having glabrous leaf surfaces. Typical D. nanus occurs in close sympatry, without intergradation, with the populations in northern Malheur County. Because of their distinctive morphology and coherent geography, the northern Malheur County plants are reasonably recognized as a distinct species. The more widely distributed form formerly identified as D. cusickii now is identified as D. cusickioides. Populations of D. cusickii in the narrow sense along the Snake River in Ada and Owyhee counties, Idaho, may have dispersed there from the Oregon center. Some plants of D. cusickioides in the Leslie Gulch area of east-central Malheur County have somewhat reduced vestiture, approaching that of D. cusickii.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Diplacus cusickii"
glandular-puberulent +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
Guy L. Nesom +  and Melissa C. Tulig +
(Greene) G. L. Nesom +
Eunanus cusickii +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
ovate;broadly elliptic-ovate +
? (?) +, ? (?) +  and ? (?) +
4mm;17mm +
stipitate-glandular +  and glabrous +
not inflated +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Cusick’s monkeyflower +
not +, rarely radially symmetric +  and weakly strongly bilabiate +
rose-purple;magenta +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Idaho +  and Oreg. +
800–1000 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
reflexed;nodding;erect +
reduced +
compressed;asymmetrically ovoid;lanceoloid or nearly cylindric +
Slopes, canyons, washes, ditches, sand talus, diatomaceous slopes, basalt outcrops, black volcanic gravel, volcanic ash and sand, sagebrush areas. +
gland-tipped +
alternate +, opposite +, rosulate +  and subrosulate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
larger +  and equal-sized +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
triangular;deltate +
subequal +  and unequal +
palmate +  and subpinnate +
wing-angled +  and angled +
2 +  and 1 +
chasmogamous +
basal +  and superior +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
orthotropous +  and anatropous +
rarely more or less equal to or slightly longer +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Jul. +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Phytoneuron +
flattened +, ovoid +  and oblong +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
deciduous +
erect;erect-ascending +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
Mimulus cusickii +
Diplacus cusickii +
Diplacus +
species +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
red-spotted +  and yellow +
10 +, 9 +  and 8 +