Diplacus longiflorus

Nuttall

Ann. Nat. Hist. 1: 139. 1838.

Common names: Southern bush monkeyflower
Illustrated
Synonyms: Diplacus arachnoideus Greene D. glutinosus var. pubescens Torrey Mimulus aurantiacus var. pubescens (Torrey) D. M. Thompson M. longiflorus (Nuttall) A. L. Grant
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 450. Mentioned on page 428, 451, 452.

Subshrubs. Stems erect, 300–1000 (–2000) mm, glandular-puberulent and short-villous. Leaves usually cauline, relatively even-sized; petiole absent; blade elliptic to lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, or elliptic-oblanceolate, 25–65 (–80) × 4–15 (–25) mm, margins entire or serrate, revolute, apex acute to obtuse, abaxial surfaces densely hairy, hairs branched, adaxial glabrescent. Pedicels 5–16 mm in fruit. Flowers 2 per node, chasmogamous. Calyces not inflated in fruit, 22–32 mm, glandular-puberulent and short glandular-villous to hirsute-villous, tube slightly dilated distally, lobes unequal, apex acute, ribs green, intercostal areas light green. Corollas light orange to pale yellow-orange, palate ridges orangish, tube-throat 34–45 mm, limb (25–) 28–40 mm diam., bilabiate, lobes oblong, apex of adaxial 2 each shallowly incised. Anthers included, glabrous. Styles minutely glandular. Stigmas included, lobes equal. Capsules 18–28 mm. 2n = 20.


Phenology: Flowering (Mar–)Apr–Jul.
Habitat: Rocky hillsides and slopes, talus, chaparral, live oak woodlands.
Elevation: (50–)100–1300(–1800) m.

Distribution

Calif., Mexico (Baja California)

Discussion

Diplacus longiflorus occurs in southwestern California and northeastern Baja California.

Plants and populations intermediate between Diplacus longiflorus and D. puniceus are found where their ranges meet in Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, and San Diego counties. The intermediate morphology and geography indicate that these are hybrids (as has been hypothesized by, for example, M. A. Streisfeld and J. R. Kohn 2005; D. M. Thompson 2005; M. C. Tulig and G. L. Nesom 2012), which have been identified as D. ×australis (McMinn ex Munz) Tulig. Streisfeld and Kohn found that in San Diego County, D. longiflorus and D. puniceus are discrete in morphology and separated in geography, with a narrow zone of hybrids and putative introgressants between.

Plants identified as Diplacus ×lompocensis McMinn (as species) occur where the geographic ranges of D. aurantiacus and D. longiflorus meet in Santa Barbara County and southern San Luis Obispo County; these plants have floral features intermediate between these two species. Stable populations of the putative hybrid are found throughout this region, although at either end of its distribution, the populations may more closely resemble the nearer parent. Considering that both D. aurantiacus and D. longiflorus are morphologically consistent across broad regions, D. ×lompocensis is perhaps best interpreted as a zone of introgression.

Diplacus ×australis and D. ×lompocensis are similar to D. longiflorus as well as to each other in most features; they are easily separated only by geographic range. Diplacus longiflorus is distinct from both in its larger corolla features and, frequently, calyx indument.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Diplacus longiflorus"
Incised (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Guy L. Nesom +  and Melissa C. Tulig +
Nuttall +
6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
elliptic;lanceolate elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-oblanceolate +
? (?) +, ? (?) +  and ? (?) +
4mm;15mm +
glandular-villous +  and hirsute-villous +
not inflated +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
Southern bush monkeyflower +
not +, rarely radially symmetric +  and weakly strongly bilabiate +
light orange;pale yellow-orange +
Calif. +  and Mexico (Baja California) +
(50–)100–1300(–1800) m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
reflexed;nodding;erect +
reduced +
compressed;asymmetrically ovoid;lanceoloid or nearly cylindric +
Rocky hillsides and slopes, talus, chaparral, live oak woodlands. +
alternate +, opposite +, rosulate +  and subrosulate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
equal-sized +
2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
unequal +
palmate +  and subpinnate +
serrate +  and entire +
toothed +  and subentire or entire plane or revolute +
wing-angled +  and angled +
basal +  and superior +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
orthotropous +  and anatropous +
rarely more or less equal to or slightly longer +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
Flowering (Mar–)Apr–Jul. +
Ann. Nat. Hist. +
flattened +, ovoid +  and oblong +
Illustrated +
deciduous +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
Diplacus arachnoideus +, D. glutinosus var. pubescens +, Mimulus aurantiacus var. pubescens +  and M. longiflorus +
Diplacus longiflorus +
Diplacus +
species +
3.4 cm34 mm <br />0.034 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
dilated +
perennial +  and annual +
10 +, 9 +  and 8 +