Donnellia commutata

(Müller Hal.) W. R. Buck

Bryologist 91: 134. 1988.

Illustrated
Basionym: Neckera commutata Müller Hal. Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 15: 385. 1857
Synonyms: Fabronia donnellii Austin Meiotheciopsis commutata (Müller Hal.) W. R. Buck Meiothecium tenerum Mitten
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 577.

Stems with branches ascending. Leaves slightly concave, 0.6–1.1 × 0.2–0.4 mm; alar cells short-oblong, yellow, supra-alar cells quadrate, not inflated, unpigmented; distal laminal cells long-rhomboidal to long-hexagonal, walls thick. Capsule 0.7–1.2 mm, slightly or not contracted below mouth; annulus absent; peristome bone white when dry, ± translucent when moist; exostome teeth external surface with straight median line, not furrowed, not cross-striolate, lamellae conspicuous, internal surface scarcely projecting; endostome fragile, basal membrane very low or absent, appearing absent in deoperculate capsules, segments linear, almost as long as exostome teeth, ± keeled, not perforate, finely papillose, sometimes fugacious, cilia absent. Spores 25–27 µm.


Phenology: Capsules mature winter.
Habitat: White sand evergreen oak scrub forests, trunks and large branches (including canopy) of Quercus
Elevation: low elevations

Distribution

V28 902-distribution-map.gif

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America

Discussion

Donnellia commutata is common in oak scrub of north central Florida, but has been mostly overlooked because of its sympatry with and morphological similarity to Sematophyllum adnatum, one of the great weedy mosses. Donnellia commutata may be distinguished satisfactorily only when fertile by its shorter setae, white peristome (when dry), and rather smooth exostome teeth. The endostome often appears absent because the segments break off shortly after the loss of the operculum. However, the endostome can be easily demonstrated by the dissection of mature, operculate capsules.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Donnellia commutata"
William R. Buck +
(Müller Hal.) W. R. Buck +
Neckera commutata +
cucullate +
erect +  and suberect +
short-cylindric +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
unpigmented +  and yellow +
specialized +
autoicous +, dioicous +, synoicous +  and sexual +
not inflated +, quadrate +  and short-oblong +
enlarged +
differentiated +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America +
low elevations +
not cross-striolate +
White sand evergreen oak scrub forests, trunks and large branches (including canopy) of Quercus +
papillose +  and smooth +
autoicous +  and sexual +
0.6mm;1.1mm +
concave +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
small;large +
Capsules mature winter. +
not perforate +
papillose +
light-brown +, red +  and reddish-brown +
elongate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
falcate-secund +
widespreading +  and erect-spreading +
tapering;lanceolate;broadly ovate +
branched +  and not complanate-foliate +
redbrown +  and reddish green +
arching +, erect +, sometimes +  and reclining +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +  and 2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
Fabronia donnellii +, Meiotheciopsis commutata +  and Meiothecium tenerum +
Donnellia commutata +
Donnellia +
species +