Dysphania carinata

(R. Brown) Mosyakin & Clemants

Ukrayins’k. Bot. Zhurn., n. s. 59: 382. 2002.

Introduced
Basionym: Chenopodium carinatum R. Brown Prodr., 407. 18 10
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 274. Mentioned on page 268.

Stems erect to ascending, branched, 3–5.5 dm, pilose with glandular trichomes or sessile glands. Leaves aromatic; petiole 0.5–1.4 cm; blade ovate to broadly ovate, 0.9–1.6 × 0.8–1.4 cm, somewhat reduced in inflorescence, base cuneate to truncate, apex acute, glandular-puberulose and pilosulose on veins. Inflorescences axillary glomerules; glomerules subglobose, 1.5–2.5 mm diam.; bracts leaflike, ovate, 3–5 mm, margins crenate-dentate, apex acute. Flowers: perianth segments 5, distinct nearly to base, distinct portions narrow-oblong, prominently keeled especially apically, 0.8–0.9 × 0.3–0.4 mm, apex acute, not crested, covered with septate hairs, becoming coriaceous and white in fruit; stamens absent or 1; stigmas 2. Achenes ovoid; pericarp adherent, membranaceous, slightly rugose. Seeds reddish-brown, ovoid, 0.6 × 0.3–0.4 mm, margins keeled over radicle and channeled over cotyledons; seed-coat smooth.


Phenology: Fruiting fall.
Habitat: Waste areas on roadsides, sandy soils
Elevation: 10-100 m

Distribution

V4 503-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Ala., Ark., Tex., native to Australia

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Dysphania carinata"
pilosulose +  and glandular-puberulose +
coriaceous +
Steven E. Clemants +  and Sergei L. Mosyakin +
(R. Brown) Mosyakin & Clemants +
slippery +
aromatic +
cuneate +  and truncate +
Chenopodium carinatum +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
ovate +  and broadly ovate +
reduced +
0.8cm;1.4cm +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Tex. +  and native to Australia +
10-100 m +
symmetric +, or +  and uniseriate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
aromatic +
glabrescent +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
subglobose +
Waste areas on roadsides, sandy soils +
compound +  and simple +
aromatic +
reduced +
not winged +  and winged +
channeled +  and keeled +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
persistent +  and deciduous +
membranaceous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
Fruiting fall. +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
Ukrayins’k. Bot. Zhurn., n. s. +
pointing +  and ascending +
basal +, median +  and position +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
smooth +  and rugose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (?) +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
Introduced +
cylindric +
opposite +  and alternate +
prostrate +  and decumbent +
erect +  and ascending +
not fleshy +
filiform +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Dysphania carinata +
Dysphania sect. Orthospora +
species +
polygamous +, dioecious +  and monoecious +