Echinacea pallida

(Nuttall) Nuttall

Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 354. 1840.

Common names: Pale purple coneflower
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Rudbeckia pallida Nuttall J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 77. 1834
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 90. Mentioned on page 88, 89.

Plants to 140 cm (roots fusiform to narrowly turbinate, usually branched). Herbage sparsely to densely hairy (hairs spreading, ca. 1.5–1.7 mm). Stems green to purplish (rarely branched). Basal leaves: petioles 5–20+ cm; blades (1-), 3-nerved, or 5-nerved, elliptic to lanceolate, 12–40 × 1–4 cm, bases cuneate to attenuate, margins entire (usually ciliate). Peduncles 15–50 cm. Phyllaries lanceolate to ovate, 7–15 × 1–3 mm. Receptacles: paleae 9–14 mm, tips purple, usually incurved, sharp-pointed. Ray corollas pink to reddish purple, laminae reflexed, 40–90 × 3–4 mm, sparsely hairy abaxially. Discs conic to hemispheric, 20–40 × 25–37 mm. Disc corollas 5.5–6.7 mm, lobes usually pink to purple (pollen usually white, rarely lemon yellow). Cypselae tan or bicolored, 2.5–5 mm, faces ± smooth, usually glabrous; pappi to ca. 1 mm (major teeth 0–4). 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer.
Habitat: Rocky prairies, open wooded hillsides, and glades
Elevation: 50–1500 m

Distribution

V21-209-distribution-map.gif

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., La., Maine, Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., N.Y., N.C., Okla., Tenn., Tex., Va., Wis.

Discussion

Echinacea pallida is generally regarded as introduced in Connecticut, Georgia, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, and Virginia.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Echinacea pallida"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
spiciform +, racemiform +, paniculiform +, corymbiform +  and cymiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Lowell E. Urbatsch +, Kurt M. Neubig +  and Patricia B. Cox +
(Nuttall) Nuttall +
bristlelike +
coroniform +
cuneate +  and attenuate +
Rudbeckia pallida +
5-nerved +  and 3-nerved +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
elliptic;lanceolate +
1cm;4cm +
winged;ribbed;winged;ribbed +
tuberculate +  and rugose +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
Pale purple coneflower +
yellow +, reddish purple +, greenish +, pinkish +, dark purple +  and pale-pink white or yellow +
bicolored +  and tan +
hairy +  and glabrous +
4-angled +  and 3-angled +
fertile +  and bisexual +
0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (0.67 cm6.7 mm <br />0.0067 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
conic;hemispheric +
25mm;37mm +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +  and Wis. +
50–1500 m +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Rocky prairies, open wooded hillsides, and glades +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
each +  and sessile +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
crateriform;hemispheric +
40mm;90mm +
cauline +  and basal +
usually pink;purple +
triangular +
2-carpellate +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
persistent +
coroniform +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–summer. +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
15 +  and 50 +
unequal +  and subequal +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. +
sterile +  and fertile +
pink +  and reddish purple +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
hemispheric;conic +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
branched +  and unbranched +
green +  and purplish +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
papillate +
Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Enceliinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Engelmanniinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Spilanthinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Verbesininae +  and Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Zinniinae +
Echinacea pallida +
Echinacea +
species +
sharp-pointed +
cylindric +
shorter to longer than campanulate +
toothed +  and entire +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (140 cm1,400 mm <br />1.4 m <br />) +