Echinacea sanguinea

Nuttall

Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 354. 1840.

Common names: Sanguine purple coneflower
Endemic
Synonyms: Echinacea pallida var. sanguinea (Nuttall) Gandhi & R. D. Thomas
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 92. Mentioned on page 89.

Plants to 120 cm (roots fusiform to elongate-turbinate, branched). Herbage sparsely to densely hairy (hairs spreading, to 1.5 mm) or glabrate. Stems mostly green to purplish. Basal leaves: petioles 4–12 cm; blades (1-) or 3-nerved, elliptic to lanceolate, 8–30 × 1–3 cm, bases attenuate, margins entire (usually ciliate). Peduncles 20–50+ cm. Phyllaries lanceolate to ovate, 7–12 × 1–4 mm. Receptacles: paleae 8–11 mm, tips purple, slightly curved, usually rounded. Ray corollas pink to reddish purple, laminae reflexed, 40–70 × 3–4 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy abaxially. Discs subspheric, 15–30 × 20–30 mm. Disc corollas 5.5–6.7 mm, lobes usually purple. Cypselae tan to bicolored (with distal dark-brown band), 2.5–5 mm, faces ± tuberculate, glabrous; pappi to ca. 1 mm (major teeth 0–4). 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–early summer.
Habitat: Sandy, open, pine woods, prairies
Elevation: 0–200 m

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Echinacea sanguinea"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
spiciform +, racemiform +, paniculiform +, corymbiform +  and cymiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Lowell E. Urbatsch +, Kurt M. Neubig +  and Patricia B. Cox +
Nuttall +
bristlelike +
coroniform +
attenuate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
elliptic;lanceolate +
1cm;3cm +
winged;ribbed;winged;ribbed +
tuberculate +  and rugose +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
Sanguine purple coneflower +
yellow +, reddish purple +, greenish +, pinkish +, dark purple +  and pale-pink white or yellow +
tan +  and bicolored +
hairy +  and glabrous +
4-angled +  and 3-angled +
fertile +  and bisexual +
0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (0.67 cm6.7 mm <br />0.0067 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
subspheric +
20mm;30mm +
Ark. +, La. +, Okla. +  and Tex. +
0–200 m +
tuberculate +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Sandy, open, pine woods, prairies +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
glabrate +  and hairy +
each +  and sessile +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
crateriform;hemispheric +
40mm;70mm +
hairy +  and glabrous +
cauline +  and basal +
triangular +
2-carpellate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
persistent +
coroniform +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–early summer. +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
15 +  and 50 +
unequal +  and subequal +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. +
sterile +  and fertile +
pink +  and reddish purple +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
hemispheric;conic +
exalbuminous +
branched +  and unbranched +
mostly green +  and purplish +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
papillate +
Echinacea pallida var. sanguinea +
Echinacea sanguinea +
Echinacea +
species +
rounded +
cylindric +
shorter to longer than campanulate +
toothed +  and entire +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (140 cm1,400 mm <br />1.4 m <br />) +