Echinacea simulata

McGregor

Sida 3: 282. 1968.

Common names: Wavy-leaf purple coneflower
Endemic
Basionym: Echinacea speciosa McGregor Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 70: 366. 1967,
Synonyms: Echinacea pallida var. simulata (McGregor) Binns, B. R. Baum & Arnason
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 92. Mentioned on page 89.

Plants to 100 cm (roots fusiform, branched). Herbage sparsely to densely hairy (hairs spreading). Stems mostly green to purplish. Basal leaves: petioles 4–20 cm; blades (1-), 3-nerved, or 5-nerved, linear to lanceolate, 5–40 × 0.5–4 cm, bases attenuate, margins entire (usually ciliate). Peduncles 20–40+ cm. Phyllaries lanceolate to ovate, 7–15 × 1.5–3.5 mm. Receptacles: paleae 10–14 mm, tips pinkish to purple, incurved, sharp-pointed. Ray corollas rose to pink or white, laminae drooping to reflexed, 40–90 × 4–7 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy abaxially. Discs conic to hemispheric, 20–30 × 20–30 mm. Disc corollas 5–6.5 mm, lobes pink to purplish. Cypselae tan, 3–4.5 mm, faces smooth, usually glabrous, sometimes (rays) hairy; pappi to ca. 1 mm (usually without major teeth). 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer.
Habitat: Rocky, open, wooded hillsides, prairies
Elevation: 100–400 m

Distribution

V21-215-distribution-map.gif

Ark., Ga., Ill., Ky., Mo., Tenn.

Discussion

Echinacea simulata has been reported as introduced in Illinois (http://www.natureserve.org).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Echinacea simulata"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
spiciform +, racemiform +, paniculiform +, corymbiform +  and cymiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Lowell E. Urbatsch +, Kurt M. Neubig +  and Patricia B. Cox +
McGregor +
bristlelike +
coroniform +
attenuate +
Echinacea speciosa +
5-nerved +  and 3-nerved +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
linear;lanceolate +
0.5cm;4cm +
winged;ribbed;winged;ribbed +
tuberculate +  and rugose +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
Wavy-leaf purple coneflower +
yellow +, reddish purple +, greenish +, pinkish +, dark purple +  and pale-pink white or yellow +
hairy +  and glabrous +
4-angled +  and 3-angled +
fertile +  and bisexual +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
conic;hemispheric +
20mm;30mm +
Ark. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ky. +, Mo. +  and Tenn. +
100–400 m +
hairy +  and glabrous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Rocky, open, wooded hillsides, prairies +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
each +  and sessile +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
crateriform;hemispheric +
40mm;90mm +
drooping +  and reflexed +
hairy +  and glabrous +
cauline +  and basal +
pink;purplish +
triangular +
2-carpellate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
persistent +
coroniform +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–summer. +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
15 +  and 50 +
unequal +  and subequal +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
sterile +  and fertile +
rose +  and pink or white +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
hemispheric;conic +
exalbuminous +
branched +  and unbranched +
mostly green +  and purplish +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
papillate +
Echinacea pallida var. simulata +
Echinacea simulata +
Echinacea +
species +
pinkish +  and purple +
sharp-pointed +
cylindric +
shorter to longer than campanulate +
toothed +  and entire +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (140 cm1,400 mm <br />1.4 m <br />) +