Echinocactus polycephalus var. xeranthemoides
Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 358. 1896.
Stems gray-green to yellow-green. Spines red to straw colored, canescent, puberulent, or glabrous. Fruit scales tan, yellow, or reddish, aging yellow, 16–30 mm, usually longer than dried tepals at fruit apex. Seeds rounded (rarely faceted), 2.4–3.1 mm, smooth (exposed surfaces of testa cells flat or slightly convex, uniformly shiny). 2n = 22.
Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Rocky hills, slopes, and ledges of canyons, Great Basin and Mojave desert scrub, igneous and calcareous substrates
Elevation: 500-1700 m