Echinocereus berlandieri

(Engelmann) Haage

Cact.-Verz., 19. 1859.

Common names: Berlandier’s hedgehog cactus
Basionym: Cereus berlandieri Engelm ann Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 286. 1856
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 171. Mentioned on page 159.

Plants branched, sprawling, clones to 3 m or more wide. Stems soon decumbent, cylindric, (10–) 20–36 × 1.5–3 cm; ribs 5–7, crests undulate; areoles 10–15 mm apart. Spines 9–10 per areole, straight, stiff, white, tipped dark; radial spines 6–9 per areole, appressed-spreading, to 10 mm; central spines 1–3 per areole, projecting outward, to 30 mm. Flowers 5–6 × 0.2–4.8 cm; flower tube 10–20 × 10–30 mm; flower tube hairs short, inconspicuous; inner tepals purplish-pink or magenta, often with darker midstripes and/or proximal region, 40 × 18 mm, tips relatively thin and delicate; anthers yellow; nectar chamber 4–6 mm. Fruits olive green to 25 mm, pulp white or colorless. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jun; fruiting 2-3 months after flowering.
Habitat: Shady thickets, coastal plain
Elevation: 0-100[-600] m

Discussion

Echinocereus berlandieri was originally discovered along the Nueces River, presumably the mouth of the river near Corpus Christi, and has not been seen there since. It has been rarely documented also from the lower Rio Grande Valley. Published records from elsewhere are all based on misidentified material of E. pentalophus, E. papillosus, E. enneacanthus var. brevispinus, and (in Mexico) E. cinerascens (de Candolle) Haage var. tulensis (Bravo) N. P. Taylor. Like E. pentalophus from the same region, E. berlandieri has often been misidentified as E. blanckii (Poselger) Palmer, a Mexican species. Furthermore, D. Weniger (1970) misapplied the name E. berlandieri to part of the common and variable E. pentalophus.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thin" is not a number.

... more about "Echinocereus berlandieri"
cushionlike +
circular to linear +
deciduous +  and persistent +
hourglass--shaped +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Allan D. Zimmerman +  and Bruce D. Parfitt +
(Engelmann) Haage +
hardened +
Cereus berlandieri +
triangular +
curved +  and straight +
variously angled +  and flattened +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
Berlandier’s hedgehog cactus +
mucilaginous +
undulate +
Tex. +  and Mexico (Tamaulipas) +
0-100[-600] m +
not separating +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.2cm;4.8cm +
olive green +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
spheric +  and narrowly obovoid +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Shady thickets, coastal plain +
40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br /> (?) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
rudimentary +
flat +  and terete +
nearly +  and microscopic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
smooth +  and tuberculate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
Flowering May–Jun +  and fruiting 2-3 months after flowering. +
mucilaginous +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
Cact.-Verz., +
colorless +  and white +
triangular +
arillate +  and strophiolate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
rugose +  and tuberculate +
spheric;obovoid +
tuberculate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
tipped dark +  and white +
straight +
deciduous +
3mm +  and 150mm +
appressed-spreading +
6 (?) +  and 9 (?) +
roughened +  and smooth +
acicular +  and subulate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
decurrent +
unsegmented +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
yellow-green +  and dark green +
20cm;36cm +
cylindric +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
succulent +
1.5cm;3cm +
yellowish green +  and green +
tuberculate +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Echinocereus berlandieri +
Echinocereus +
species +
dull +  and glossy +
inconspicuous +
epiphytic;epiphytic;epiphytic +
decumbent +, pendent +, sprawling +, ascending +  and erect +
barrel-shaped +  and spheric +