Elaeis guineensis

Jacquin

Selectarum Stirpium Americanarum Historia... 280, plate; 172. 1763.

Common names: African oil palm palmier à huile d’Afrique
IntroducedIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 122.
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Leaves up to 8 m; segments ca. 120 cm. Fruits ca. 4 cm; ripening from green to yellow to red or black, 4 cm; endocarp black, 3-sided, bearing 3 germination pores. 2n = 32.


Phenology: Flowering spring-- through summer.
Habitat: Moist organic soil over limestone in mesic hammocks and disturbed wooded areas
Elevation: 0–10 m

Distribution

V22 149-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., native, to Africa

Discussion

Elaeis guineensis is widespread in wet tropical Africa. It is now cultivated throughout the tropics, where it is the most important perennial oil crop, the source of both palm oil and palm kernel oil. E.laeis guineensis has escaped in the vicinity of Miami, Florida, and may be counted as an element of the flora. Birds and small mammals eat the oil fruits and disperse the seeds. Juveniles are easily recognized by the very sharp, spinescent remains of leaf segment midribs at the base of each leaf.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Elaeis guineensis"
dorsifixed +  and basifixed +
rectangular +
Sharp (?) +, Acute (?) +  and 2-cleft (?) +
Scott Zona +
Jacquin +
persisting +
indurate +  and lignified +
African oil palm +  and palmier à huile d’Afrique +
Fla. +, native +  and to Africa +
0–10 m +
lanceolate +
orange-yellow and black +
pistillate +, staminate +  and sessile +
adnate +, connate +  and distinct +
berrylike +  and drupaceous +
green;yellow +
apical +  and basal +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (?) +
Moist organic soil over limestone in mesic hammocks and disturbed wooded areas +
branched +  and spicate +
pistillate +, staminate +  and branching +
2-pinnate +  and pinnate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (800 cm8,000 mm <br />8 m <br />) +
minute +
bearing prickles or marginal teeth +  and unarmed +
ridged +, channeled +  and terete +
Flowering spring-- through summer. +
list +  and count +
1 +  and 3 +
v--shaped +  and tent--shaped +
germination +
Selectarum Stirpium Americanarum Historia... +
adventitious +
adhering to endocarp +  and free +
spheroid +
bearing prickles +  and unarmed +
120 cm1,200 mm <br />1.2 m <br /> (?) +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
covered with fibrous or prickly remains +  and smooth +
subterranean +
enlarged;massive;slender +
connate +  and distinct +
Alfonsia +  and Corozo +
Elaeis guineensis +
species +
unbranched +  and branched +
plant +, shrub +  and tree +
unisexual +  and bisexual +