Eleusine indica

(L.) Gaertn.
Common names: Goosegrass Eleusine des indes Eleusine d'inde
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25. Treatment on page 109.

Plants annual. Culms 30-90 cm, erect or ascending, somewhat compressed; lower internodes 1.5-2 mm thick. Sheaths conspicuously keeled, margins often with long, papillose-based hairs, particularly near the throat; ligules 0.2-1 mm, truncate, erose; blades 15-40 cm long, 3-7 mm wide, with prominent, white midveins, margins and/or adaxial surfaces often with basal papillose-based hairs. Panicles with 4-10 (17) branches, often with 1 branch attached as much as 3 cm below the terminal cluster; branches (3.5) 7-16 cm long, 3-5.5 mm wide, linear. Spikelets 4-7 mm long, 2-3 mm wide, with 5-7 florets, obliquely attached to the branch axes. Lower glumes 1.1-2.3 mm, 1-veined; upper glumes 2-2.9 mm; lemmas 2.4-4 mm; paleas with narrowly winged keels. Seeds ovoid, rugulose and obliquely striate, usually not exposed at maturity. 2n = 18.

Distribution

Conn., N.J., N.Y., W.Va., Wis., Del., D.C., Mass., Maine, N.H., Ont., Que., Pacific Islands (Hawaii), Fla., Puerto Rico, N.Mex., Tex., La., N.Dak., Tenn., N.C., S.C., Pa., Kans., Nebr., Okla., S.Dak., Nev., Va., Colo., Virgin Islands, Calif., Ala., Ark., Vt., Ill., Ga., Ind., Iowa, Ariz., Md., Ohio, Utah, Mo., Minn., Mich., R.I., Miss., Ky., Oreg.

Discussion

Eleusine indica is a common weed in the warmer regions of the world. In the Flora region, it usually grows in disturbed areas and lawns, and has been found in most states of the contiguous United States.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"decumbent" is not a number.

... more about "Eleusine indica"
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
awned +  and entire +
Khidir W. Hilu +
(L.) Gaertn. +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
multiple +, , +  and single +
flattened +
keeled +  and rounded +
papillose-based +
pseudopetiolate +  and branching +
not fused +
intravaginal +, extravaginal +, branching +  and basal +
swelling +
membranous +
not pseudopetiolate +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
usually linear +  and lanceolate occasionally ovate +
3mm;7mm +
digitate +  and non-disarticulating +
7cm +  and 16cm +
spikelike +
3mm;5.5mm +
triangular +  and dome--shaped +
sometimes longer +
membranous +
Goosegrass +, Eleusine des indes +  and Eleusine d'inde +
ascending +  and erect +
compressed +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (90 cm900 mm <br />0.9 m <br />) +
not woody +
Conn. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Mass. +, Maine +, N.H. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +, Fla. +, Puerto Rico +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +, La. +, N.Dak. +, Tenn. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Pa. +, Kans. +, Nebr. +, Okla. +, S.Dak. +, Nev. +, Va. +, Colo. +, Virgin Islands +, Calif. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Vt. +, Ill. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ariz. +, Md. +, Ohio +, Utah +, Mo. +, Minn. +, Mich. +, R.I. +, Miss. +, Ky. +  and Oreg. +
not waisted +
capillary +
pistillate +  and staminate +
sometimes longer +
5 +  and 7 +
round +  and compressed +
reduced +
shorter or longer +
subtending +
unequal +
papillose-based +
uncinate +
paniculate +  and racemose +
hollow +  and solid +
not absent +
0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
sometimes longer +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
membranous +
inconspicuous +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
concealed +  and prominent +
2 +  and 1 +
dry +  and fleshy +
spikelike +
rugulose +
Introduced +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
1 +  and 60 +
compressed +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
2mm +  and 3mm +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
compound +  and simple +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
ornamented +
Gramineae +
Eleusine indica +
Eleusine +
species +
membranous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.29 cm2.9 mm <br />0.0029 m <br />) +
7 +  and 13 +
aquatic +  and terrestrial +
dioecious +, monoecious +  and synoecious +
10 +, 9 +  and 8 +