Entosthodon californicus

(Sullivant & Lesquereux) H. A. Crum & L. E. Anderson

Bryologist 58: 13. 1955,.

Basionym: Funaria californica Sullivant & Lesquereux Musc. Bor.-Amer. ed. 2, 41. 1865
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 185. Mentioned on page 184.

Plants 1–2 mm, dull yellow green. Leaves contorted and crispate when dry, oblong to oblong-ovate, imbricate, concave, mostly about 1 mm; margins entire and not bordered; apices broadly acute to rounded, often with a 1–2-celled apiculus; costa ending 4–6 cells before the tip; basal laminal cells rectangular (50–70 × 15–22 µm), distal cells nearly quadrate. Seta brownish yellow, 4–6 mm, not hygroscopic. Capsule ovoid-pyriform, the apophysis forming about half the length, 1.5–2 mm, somewhat sulcate when dry and empty; exothecial cells thickened, narrowly oblong and transversely elongate in 7–9 rows proximal to the mouth; operculum short convex-conic; peristome yellowish-brown, lanceolate with trabeculae, papillose basally and nearly smooth at the tips; endostome segments shorter that the teeth, papillose. Calyptra cucullate, long-beaked, inflated around the capsule, large, smooth. Spores 15–18 µm, bacculate-insulate.


Habitat: Along streams or roadsides on exposed fine sandy soil
Elevation: moderate elevations

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"absent" is not a number.

... more about "Entosthodon californicus"
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Donna H. Miller +  and Harvey A. Miller +
(Sullivant & Lesquereux) H. A. Crum & L. E. Anderson +
Funaria californica +
specialized +
polygamous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
persistent +  and deciduous +
inflated +  and cucullate +
nearly smooth +  and asymmetric +
cleistocarpous +  and stegocarpous +
nearly +  and erect +
ovoid-pyriform +
short-rhomboid;quadrate;hexagonal +
Calif. +  and Oreg. +
moderate elevations +
striate +  and papillose-striolate +
elongate +  and oblong +
Along streams or roadsides on exposed fine sandy soil +
concave;oblong;oblong-ovate +
reduced +  and larger +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
convex-conic +
filiform +  and club--shaped +
yellowish-brown +
proximal +  and inserted +
double +  and single +
lanceolate +
oblong-rectangular +
proximal +
/4 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
not hygroscopic +
brownish yellow +
papillose +  and smooth +
elongate +
short;elongate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
subreniform +  and spherical +
superficial +
Entosthodon californicus +
Entosthodon +
species +
weakly trabeculate;appendiculate +
thicker +
annual;biennial +