Epidendrum magnoliae

Muhlenberg

Cat. Pl. Amer. Sept., 81. 1813.

Common names: Green-fly orchid
Synonyms: Amphiglottis conopsea (R. Brown) Small Epidendrum conopseum R. Brown Larnandra conopsea (R. Brown) Rafinesque Larnandra magnoliae (Muhlenberg) Rafinesque
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 611. Mentioned on page 609, 612.

Plants cespitose, 4.5–38 cm. Roots basal, 3–5 mm diam. Stems unbranched, straight, terete, 2–5 cm. Leaves 2–3, near apex of stem; petiole to 1.5 cm; blade narrowly elliptic, 1–9.5 × 0.4–1.3 cm, nearly leathery, apex acute. Inflorescences erect, racemose, 3–26 cm; peduncle 2–10 cm; bracts triangular, to 1/2 length of ovary, 12–18 mm, apex acuminate. Flowers 6–14, spread along apical 1/2 of inflorescence, resupinate, simultaneous, pale green to bronze-colored; sepals wide open, narrowly obovate, 5-veined, 6–11 × 2–3 mm, margins revolute, apex obtuse; petals narrowly oblanceolate, 1-veined, 6–11 × 1–2 mm, apex rounded; lip base cordate, 3-lobed, middle lobe triangular, apex rounded to slightly notched, 2-callose, with low midrib, 4–6 × 5–7 mm, lateral lobes semiorbiculate; column 11–12 mm; clinandrium hood erose, covering anther; anther ovate, with low keel along front; ovary 12–18 mm. Capsules ellipsoid; pedicel 7–11 mm; body 14–23; beak 5 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Jan, sporadically in fall; fruiting Oct–Jan.
Habitat: Evergreen and deciduous woodlands
Elevation: 0–100 m

Distribution

V26 1247-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Mexico (Nuevo León), Mexico (San Luis Potosí), Mexico (Tamaulipas)

Discussion

The flowers of Epidendrum magnoliae produce a sweet-oily fragrance, especially at night.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"lengthofovary" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Epidendrum magnoliae"
self-pollination +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
5mm +  and 7mm +
Eric Hágsater +
Muhlenberg +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (?) +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (9.5 cm95 mm <br />0.095 m <br />) +
ovate +  and elliptic or lanceolate +
0.4cm;1.3cm +
triangular +
ellipsoid +
11mm +  and 12mm +
Green-fly orchid +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Mexico (Nuevo León) +, Mexico (San Luis Potosí) +  and Mexico (Tamaulipas) +
0–100 m +
not +  and pedicellate +
arranged +  and not distichous +
pale green +  and bronze-colored +
simultaneous +
resupinate +  and spread +
ellipsoid;subglobose +
Evergreen and deciduous woodlands +
lateral +  and terminal +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (26 cm260 mm <br />0.26 m <br />) +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
cauline +  and basal +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
reduced +
3-lobed +  and cordate +
larger +
differing in form and color +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Jan, sporadically in fall +  and fruiting Oct–Jan. +
compressed +  and obovoid +
Cat. Pl. Amer. Sept., +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
aerial +  and subterranean +
minute +
5-veined +  and open +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
obovate +
foliaceous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
straight +
hanging +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
concave +  and convex +
Amphiglottis conopsea +, Epidendrum conopseum +, Larnandra conopsea +  and Larnandra magnoliae +
Epidendrum magnoliae +
Epidendrum +
species +
annual +  and perennial +
plant +  and cespitose +
lithophytic +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +