Epidendrum nocturnum

Jacquin

Enum. Syst. Pl., 29. 1760.

Common names: Night-smelling epidendrum
Synonyms: Amphiglottis nocturna (Jacquin) Britton Auliza nocturna (Jacquin) Small Epidendrum carolinianum Lamarck Nyctosma nocturna (Jacquin) Rafinesque
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 612. Mentioned on page 610.

Plant cespitose, to 100 cm. Roots basal, 1–2.5 mm diam. Stems unbranched, straight, terete proximally, compressed distally, to 90 cm. Leaves 4–10, evenly distributed on distal 1/2 of stem; petiole to 46 mm; blade elliptic, 2-lobed, 6–15 × 0.5–3 cm, leathery. Inflorescences nearly corymbose; peduncle zigzag, branching with time, greater than 5 mm, producing flowers over several years. Flowers resupinate, produced in succession, 1–2 at a time; sepals yellowish, narrowly linearlanceolate, to 60 × 6 mm, apex acute; petals yellowish, narrowly linearlanceolate, to 58 × 2 mm; lip white, deeply 3-lobed, middle lobe narrowly linear-acuminate, overall to 24 × 40 mm, lateral lobes obliquely semiovate; callus yellow; column 18 mm; clinandrium hood surpassing anther, erose; anther ovoid; ovary 45–50 mm. Capsules ellipsoid; pedicel 7–14 mm; body 25–32 × 10–15 mm; beak 16 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Sep–Mar; fruiting Jan–Apr, sporadically throughout year.
Habitat: Epiphytic on trees and palms in forests, hammocks, and swamps
Elevation: 0–30 m

Distribution

V26 1248-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America

Discussion

Epidendrum nocturnum is widespread and common throughout the tropical regions of the Western Hemisphere. Outside the flora area, the size of stems, leaves, and flowers is somewhat variable, and plants or whole populations often have cleistogamous flowers. A number of good species occur in the Neotropics. The length of the ovary and the pedicel of the capsule often are good specific characters.

Flowers are very fragrant at night, with an almost pungent scent.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Epidendrum nocturnum"
self-pollination +
Eric Hágsater +
Jacquin +
16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br /> (?) +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
2-lobed +
0.5cm;3cm +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (?) +
ellipsoid +
Night-smelling epidendrum +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America +
0–30 m +
not +  and pedicellate +
arranged +  and not distichous +
successive +  and simultaneous +
ellipsoid;subglobose +
Epiphytic on trees and palms in forests, hammocks, and swamps +
lateral +  and terminal +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
distributed +
cauline +  and basal +
4 (?) +  and 10 (?) +
reduced +
3-lobed +
larger +
differing in form and color +
4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (5.8 cm58 mm <br />0.058 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (4.6 cm46 mm <br />0.046 m <br />) +
Flowering Sep–Mar +  and fruiting Jan–Apr, sporadically throughout year. +
compressed +  and obovoid +
Enum. Syst. Pl., +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
aerial +  and subterranean +
minute +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
foliaceous +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
straight +
hanging +  and erect +
proliferous +
compressed +  and terete +
thickened +  and stout +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (90 cm900 mm <br />0.9 m <br />) +
concave +  and convex +
Amphiglottis nocturna +, Auliza nocturna +, Epidendrum carolinianum +  and Nyctosma nocturna +
Epidendrum nocturnum +
Epidendrum +
species +
annual +  and perennial +
plant +  and cespitose +
lithophytic +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +