Epidendrum strobiliferum

Reichenbach f.

Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 333. 1859.

Common names: Pine-cone epidendrum
Synonyms: Spathiger strobiliferus (Reichenbach f.) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 612. Mentioned on page 609.

Plants creeping to pendent, to 30 cm. Roots basal or from proximal branches, 0.5–1.5 mm. Stems 1, compressed distally, branched, to 23 cm. Leaves 2–8, near apex of stem; petiole 6–8 mm; blade lanceolate-elliptic, 2-lobed, 1–2.8 × 0.3–0.7 cm, leathery. Inflorescences from branches, distichous, imbricate, usually pendent, 10–17 mm; peduncle greater than 5 mm. Flowers 1–4, usually 3, with underside of lip always facing rachis, not resupinate, simultaneous, pale-yellow, occasionally marked with reddish; dorsal sepals ovate, apex acute; lateral sepals obdolabriform, somewhat wider at base, 3–5.4 × 1.2–2.1 mm; petals linear-elliptic, somewhat falcate, 3–5.2 × 0.5–0.8 mm; lip triangular-ovate, 3–4 × 2–2.4 mm, base with pair of lamellae, apex acute to acuminate; column 2 mm, with prominent tooth on each side, 2 smaller ones distally; anther ovoid, 2-fid; ovary with small swollen vesicle underneath, behind lateral sepals, 4 mm, covered by conduplicate, subimbricating bracts, 6–7.5 mm. Capsules ovoid-ellipsoid, 9–10 × 5–6 mm; pedicel and beak absent.


Phenology: Flowering Oct–Nov, Mar.
Habitat: On smooth barked trees in and around cypress swamps and heads
Elevation: 0–30 m

Distribution

V26 1250-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Central America, South America

Discussion

Epidendrum strobiliferum grows throughout the Neotropics to Peru and Brazil.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Epidendrum strobiliferum"
self-pollination +
2-fid +  and ovoid +
Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
Eric Hágsater +
Reichenbach f. +
1.2mm +  and 2.1mm +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
lanceolate-elliptic +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
2-lobed +
0.3cm;0.7cm +
subimbricating +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
ovoid-ellipsoid +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
smaller +
Pine-cone epidendrum +
Fla. +, Central America +  and South America +
0–30 m +
not +  and pedicellate +
arranged +  and not distichous +
pale-yellow +
simultaneous +
not resupinate +
ellipsoid;subglobose +
On smooth barked trees in and around cypress swamps and heads +
imbricate +  and distichous +
lateral +  and terminal +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.54 cm5.4 mm <br />0.0054 m <br />) +
obdolabriform +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
cauline +  and basal +
2 (?) +  and 8 (?) +
reduced +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
triangular-ovate +
larger +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br />) +
differing in form and color +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.75 cm7.5 mm <br />0.0075 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.52 cm5.2 mm <br />0.0052 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Flowering Oct–Nov, Mar. +
compressed +  and obovoid +
Ned. Kruidk. Arch. +
aerial +  and subterranean +
from proximal branches +  and basal +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
minute +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
foliaceous +
hanging +  and erect +
proliferous +
compressed +
thickened +  and stout +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (23 cm230 mm <br />0.23 m <br />) +
concave +  and convex +
Spathiger strobiliferus +
Epidendrum strobiliferum +
Epidendrum +
species +
annual +  and perennial +
lithophytic +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +
creeping +  and pendent +