Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. hookeri

(Haworth) Kimnach

Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 36: 113. 1964.

IntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Epiphyllum hookeri Haworth Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem. 6: 108. 1829
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 179. Mentioned on page 176.

Shrubs, to 200 cm, epiphytic. Stem segments light green, 40–120 × 6–9 (–10) cm, margins obtusely serrate; areoles 3–8 cm apart along margins. Spines occasionally present in basal areoles, to 3 per areole, hairlike. Flowers salverform, 19–23 × 10–15 (–16) cm; flower tube slender; outer tepals greenish white; inner tepals 8 × 0.5 cm. Fruits purplish red, typically 5-angled from the flower tube podaria, smooth between the ridges, oblong, 40–70 × 20–35 mm. Seeds 3.2–3.5 mm, minutely pitted.


Phenology: Flowering spring–late summer.
Habitat: Swamps, palmetto
Elevation: 0-10 m

Distribution

V4 342-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Fla., s Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America (n Venezuela), cultivated in tropical regions worldwide

Discussion

Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. hookeri was recently reported by A. N. Lima (1996) from Estero Island, Lee County, Florida, growing on Sabal palmetto. The variety also occurs in the swamp at Fakahatchee Strand, Collier County, Florida. The population biology of this species, as well as its long-term persistence in the flora, need to be monitored. Details of its pollination biology are not known.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"+cm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."fine" is not a number.

cushionlike +
deciduous +  and persistent +
hourglass--shaped +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
Michael W. Hawkes +
(Haworth) Kimnach +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
50cm;120cm +
4cm;5cm +
hardened +
Epiphyllum hookeri +
triangular +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
mucilaginous +
Fla. +, s Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America (n Venezuela) +  and cultivated in tropical regions worldwide +
0-10 m +
not separating +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
19 cm190 mm <br />0.19 m <br /> (23 cm230 mm <br />0.23 m <br />) +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (38 cm380 mm <br />0.38 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
curved +  and straight +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
10cm;15cm +
purplish red +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
40mm;70mm +
oblong +  and 5-angled +
dry +, fleshy +  and juicy +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
Swamps, palmetto +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (?) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
rudimentary +
flat +  and terete +
nearly +  and microscopic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
Flowering spring–late summer. +
mucilaginous +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) +
pinkish +  and white +
adventitious +
triangular +
arillate +  and strophiolate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
reniform +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
deciduous +  and persistent +
0 (?) +  and 90 (?) +
hairlike +
hard +  and rigid +
decurrent +
unsegmented +
juvenile +  and adult +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br /> (120 cm1,200 mm <br />1.2 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
terete +  and segmented +
succulent +
tuberculate +
Cereus phyllanthus +, Opuntia phyllanthus +, Phyllocactus phyllanthus +, Rhipsalis macrocarpa +  and Rhipsalis phyllanthus +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Epiphyllum phyllanthus var. hookeri +
Epiphyllum phyllanthus +
variety +
dull +  and shiny +
dull +  and glossy +
erect +  and pendent +
barrel-shaped +  and spheric +