Erythranthe eastwoodiae

(Rydberg) G. L. Nesom & N. S. Fraga

Phytoneuron 2012-39: 36. 2012.

Common names: Eastwood’s monkeyflower
Endemic
Basionym: Mimulus eastwoodiae Rydberg Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 483. 1913
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 394. Mentioned on page 377, 395.

Perennials, stoloniferous, sometimes also rhizomatous. Stems scandent to pendent, usually simple, 5–30 (–40) cm, villous-glandular to minutely stipitate-glandular, hairs often a mixture of longer and much shorter ones, gland-tipped. Leaves cauline; petiole 0 mm; blade palmately 3-veined, flabellate distally to obovate to oblanceolate or elliptic, (5–) 13–40 (–55) × 8–20 (–25) mm, largest near mid-stem or distally, thick, base cuneate to rounded, subclasping, margins coarsely serrate on distal 1/2, apex acute, surfaces villous-glandular to minutely stipitate-glandular, hairs often a mixture of longer and much shorter ones, gland-tipped. Flowers herkogamous, 2–8, axillary at leafy medial to distal nodes. Fruiting pedicels 10–30 (–40) mm. Fruiting calyces cuneate-cylindric to cylindric, weakly or not inflated, 15–23 (–27) mm, glabrous or minutely stipitate-glandular to sparsely glandular-villosulous, lobes triangular-acuminate. Corollas scarlet to orange-red or orange, palate red, not spotted or striped, bilaterally symmetric, strongly bilabiate; tube-throat narrowly funnelform, 20–30 mm, exserted 5–15 mm beyond calyx margin; throat open, palate puberulent. Styles glabrous. Anthers exserted, villous, thecae reflexed 45º. Capsules included, 6–10 mm. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering May–Sep(–Nov).
Habitat: Seepages in sandstone overhangs, cave roofs, walls, crevices, and cliff bases, pinyon-juniper woodlands.
Elevation: 900–2000 m.

Distribution

Ariz., Colo., N.Mex., Utah.

Discussion

The range of Erythranthe eastwoodiae appears to be essentially contiguous with that of E. verbenacea in the Grand Canyon region, but there is no evidence of hybridization.

Erythranthe eastwoodiae (as Mimulus eastwoodiae) is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Erythranthe eastwoodiae"
loculicidal +
Guy L. Nesom +  and Naomi S. Fraga +
(Rydberg) G. L. Nesom & N. S. Fraga +
rosulate +  and subrosulate +
not persistent +
cuneate;rounded +
Mimulus eastwoodiae +
subclasping +  and 3-veined +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
obovate;oblanceolate or elliptic +
largest +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
8mm;20mm +
compressed +, inflated +  and tubular +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Eastwood’s monkeyflower +
regular +  and bilabiate +
scarlet;orange-red or orange +
Ariz. +, Colo. +, N.Mex. +  and Utah. +
900–2000 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
nodding;spreading;nodding;spreading;erect +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
reduced +
Seepages in sandstone overhangs, cave roofs, walls, crevices, and cliff bases, pinyon-juniper woodlands. +
gland-tipped +
alternate +, opposite +, rosulate +  and subrosulate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
triangular-acuminate +
reduced +  and longer +
subentire +  and toothed +
basal +  and superior +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
orthotropous +  and anatropous +
striped +, not spotted +  and red +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +
Flowering May–Sep(–Nov). +
Phytoneuron +
flattened +  and ellipsoid +
3 +  and 5 +
proximal +  and middle +
4-angled +  and terete +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
villous-glandular +  and minutely stipitate-glandular +
Mimulus sect. Erythranthe +  and Mimulus subg. Synplacus +
Erythranthe eastwoodiae +
Erythranthe +
species +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
rhizomatous +  and stoloniferous +
2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
minutely stipitate-glandular +  and sparsely glandular-villosulous +
inflated +, cuneate-cylindric +  and cylindric +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br />) +
perennial +  and annual +
herb +  and subshrub +
terrestrial +  and aquatic +
semiaquatic +  and terrestrial +
9 +, 8 +  and 7 +