Erythranthe hymenophylla

(Meinke) G. L. Nesom

Phytoneuron 2012-39: 38. 2012.

Common names: Thin-sepal monkeyflower
EndemicConservation concern
Basionyms: Mimulus hymenophyllus Meinke Madroño 30: 147, fig. 1. 1983
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 397. Mentioned on page 380.

Annuals, filiform-taprooted. Stems prostrate to ascending-erect, sharply bent at basal nodes, simple or few-branched, 5–25 cm, glandular-puberulent to glandular-villous, hairs 0.1–0.8 mm, vitreous, flattened, multicellular, gland-tipped. Leaves basal and cauline, largest at mid-stem; petiole 6–30 mm; blade pinnately veined, broadly lanceolate to ovate, 10–35 × 10–30 mm, distinctly membranous, base cuneate to shallowly cordate, margins coarsely dentate to shallowly denticulate or entire, apex acute to obtuse, surfaces glandular-puberulent to glandular-villous, hairs 0.1–0.8 mm, vitreous, flattened, multicellular, gland-tipped, glandular. Flowers herkogamous, 1–6, from proximal to distal nodes. Fruiting pedicels divergent at right angles from stem, usually closely paired, 10–45 mm, negatively phototropic, causing capsules to pressed against a cliff face or crevice at time of dehiscence, glandular-puberulent to glandular-villous, hairs 0.1–0.8 mm, vitreous, flattened, multicellular, gland-tipped. Fruiting calyces angled, tubular-campanulate, slightly inflated, 5–7 mm, margins distinctly toothed or lobed, sparsely stipitate-glandular, lobes pronounced, erect. Corollas light yellow, throat and abaxial lobes red or purple-spotted, sometimes with small white patches, bilaterally symmetric, weakly bilabiate; tube-throat funnelform, 10–14 mm, exserted beyond calyx margin; lobes obovate-oblong, apex rounded to truncate or notched. Styles glabrous. Anthers included, glabrous. Capsules included, 3–6 mm. 2n = 32.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Aug(–Sep).
Habitat: Steep, seasonally moist, basalt cliffs with west or southwest exposure, mesic coniferous forests.
Elevation: 800–1300 m.

Discussion

In the protologue, R. J. Meinke observed that plants of Erythranthe hymenophylla have reflexed fruiting pedicels that increase seed dispersal back onto the vertical cliff wall, the characteristic habitat of the species. The hanging habit of E. hymenophylla is reflected in a sharp (90º to 180º) bend in the basal nodes and the long pedicels that are closely paired and divergent in parallel at about right angles from the stem. The species also is characterized by it very short calyx to corolla length, relatively short capsules, and large seeds.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Erythranthe hymenophylla"
loculicidal +
Guy L. Nesom +  and Naomi S. Fraga +
(Meinke) G. L. Nesom +
rosulate +  and subrosulate +
not persistent +
cuneate;shallowly cordate +
Mimulus hymenophyllus +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
broadly lanceolate;ovate +
membranous +
10mm;30mm +
compressed +, inflated +  and tubular +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Thin-sepal monkeyflower +
regular +  and bilabiate +
light yellow +
Idaho +, Mont. +  and Oreg. +
800–1300 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
nodding;spreading;nodding;spreading;erect +
reduced +
Steep, seasonally moist, basalt cliffs with west or southwest exposure, mesic coniferous forests. +
gland-tipped +  and multicellular +
dehiscence +
glandular-puberulent;glandular-villous +
flattened +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
alternate +, opposite +, rosulate +  and subrosulate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
largest +
pronounced +
3 +  and not 5 +
obovate-oblong +
reduced +  and longer +
stipitate-glandular +
lobed +, toothed +, coarsely dentate +  and shallowly denticulate or entire +
basal +  and superior +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
orthotropous +  and anatropous +
small white +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–Aug(–Sep). +
Phytoneuron +
flattened +  and ellipsoid +
3 +  and 5 +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
proximal +  and middle +
few-branched +  and simple +
prostrate;ascending-erect +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
glandular-puberulent +  and glandular-villous +
Mimulus sect. Erythranthe +  and Mimulus subg. Synplacus +
Erythranthe hymenophylla +
Erythranthe +
species +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
purple-spotted +  and red +
gland-tipped +  and multicellular +
flattened +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
filiform-taprooted +
inflated +, tubular-campanulate +  and angled +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
perennial +  and annual +
herb +  and subshrub +
terrestrial +  and aquatic +
semiaquatic +  and terrestrial +
9 +, 8 +  and 7 +