Erythronium californicum

Purdy

Fl. & Sylva 2: 253. 1904.

Common names: California fawn-lily
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 160. Mentioned on page 155, 157, 161.

Bulbs ovoid, 35–60 mm, sometimes producing sessile offsets. Leaves 7–18 cm; blade distinctly mottled with irregular streaks of brown or white, oblong to narrowly ovate, margins usually wavy. Scape ± reddish, branched well above leaves when flowers more than 1, 10–30 cm. Inflorescences 1–3-flowered. Flowers: flowering individuals generally abundant in populations; tepals white to cream, base yellow and often banded with brown or red, ± narrowly ovate, 25–40 mm, inner with small auricles at base; stamens 12–25 mm; filaments ± white, linear, slender, less than 0.8 mm wide; anthers white to cream; style ± white, 10–14 mm; stigma unlobed or with lobes less than 2 mm. Capsules obovoid, 3–6 cm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering spring (Mar–Apr).
Habitat: Dry woods, openings, cliffs
Elevation: 0–1900 m

Discussion

Forms intermediate with Erythronium citrinum and E. multiscapideum are sometimes seen where ranges overlap.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thicker" is not a number.

... more about "Erythronium californicum"
white +  and cream +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
cordate +  and linear +
loculicidal +
Geraldine A. Allen +  and Kenneth R. Robertson +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
yellow and often banded with brown or yellow and often banded with red +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
reticulate-veined +  and parallel-veined +
glabrous +  and glaucous +
lanceolate +  and ovate flat +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
sheathing +  and involucrate +
tunicate +  and scaly +
additional +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
California fawn-lily +
0–1900 m +
connate-coroniform +  and dilated +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
erect +  and nodding +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +, septicidal +  and loculicidal +
obovoid +  and oblong +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
Dry woods, openings, cliffs +
persistent +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
recurved +  and erect +
white +  and brown +
oblong +  and narrowly ovate +
many;several +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering spring (Mar–Apr). +
Fl. & Sylva +
elongating +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
many +  and few +
more sparingly without than those extensive vegetative reproduction +
adnate +  and free +
staminodial +
1 +  and several +
with lobes +  and unlobed +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
Erythronium californicum +
Erythronium +
species +
white;cream +
distinct +
spreading +  and reflexed +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
lanceolate;ovate +
3 +  and 2 +