Erythronium umbilicatum subsp. umbilicatum

IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 163. Mentioned on page 162.

Stolons absent. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Woods of flood plains and adjacent slopes along creeks, streams, small rivers
Elevation: 0–900 m

Distribution

V26 273-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., Ky., Md., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Since subsp. umbilicatum does not produce stolons, most plants in a population produce flowers, and seedlings may be frequent. Although many Erythronium species have considerable variation in size at flowering, E. umbilicatum subsp. umbilicatum is especially variable in this regard.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thicker" is not a number.

yellow +, purple +  and brown +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
cordate +  and linear +
loculicidal +
Geraldine A. Allen +  and Kenneth R. Robertson +
C. R. Parks & Hardin +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
narrowed +
reticulate-veined +  and parallel-veined +
mottled +  and green +
not glaucous +
elliptic +  and ovatelanceolate +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
sheathing +  and involucrate +
tunicate +  and scaly +
additional +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, Md. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0–900 m +
lanceolate +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
erect +  and nodding +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +, septicidal +  and loculicidal +
obovoid +  and oblong +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
Woods of flood plains and adjacent slopes along creeks, streams, small rivers +
persistent +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br />) +
recurved +  and erect +
many;several +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering spring. +
yellow +, purple +  and brown +
reddish +  and green +
elongating +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
many +  and few +
more sparingly without than those extensive vegetative reproduction +
adnate +  and free +
staminodial +
1 +  and several +
3-lobed +  and unlobed +
forming small apiculum +  and deciduous +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
Erythronium umbilicatum subsp. umbilicatum +
Erythronium umbilicatum +
subspecies +
tinged brown-purple;yellow +
distinct +
lanceolate +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
lanceolate;ovate +
3 +  and 2 +