Euonymus americanus

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 197. 1753.

Common names: Strawberry-bush
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 123. Mentioned on page 124.

Shrubs 2–3.5 m. Stems erect or arching, not rooting at nodes; young branches 4-angled, not corky winged. Leaves deciduous; petiole 1–3 mm; blade oval to lanceolate, 3–10 × 0.8–3 cm, base cuneate, obtuse, to rounded, margins crenate-serrate, apex acute or acuminate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, 1–3-flowered. Flowers: sepals 5; petals 5, pale green, often suffused with purple, round, 2–3 mm diam.; stamens 5; ovary spiny. Capsules red or pink to purple, subglobose, 11–13 mm diam., unlobed or very shallowly 4–5-lobed, lobes clearly connate, surface spiny. Seeds subglobose, 4.5–5.5 mm; aril red. 2n = 64.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer; fruiting late summer–early winter.
Habitat: Rich woods, bluffs, flood plains, along streams, hammocks, sandy banks.
Elevation: 0–400 m.

Distribution

V12 91-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Euonymus americanus"
Jinshuang Ma +  and Geoffrey A. Levin +
Linnaeus +
obtuse +  and rounded +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
1-veined +, palmate +  and pinnate +
toothed +  and entire +
oval;lanceolate +
0.8cm;3cm +
4-angled +
4-angled +  and terete +
pink +  and purple +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
4-5-lobed +, unlobed +  and subglobose +
Strawberry-bush +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0–400 m. +
2-5-lobed +, unlobed +, obovoid +, subglobose +  and globose +
Rich woods, bluffs, flood plains, along streams, hammocks, sandy banks. +
adnate +  and free +
axillary +  and terminal +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
deciduous +
connate +
intrastaminal +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
distinct +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–summer +  and fruiting late summer–early winter. +
4-5-carpellate +
subglobose +
distinct +
not rooting +
arching +  and erect +
Euonymus americanus +
Euonymus +
species +
evergreen +, deciduous +, perennial +  and annual +
polygamomonoecious +, dioecious +  and synoecious +