Euonymus europaeus

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 197. 1753.

Common names: European spindle-tree
WeedyIntroduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 125. Mentioned on page 122, 123.

Shrubs or trees 2–10 m. Stems erect; young branches terete, not corky winged. Leaves deciduous; petiole 4–12 mm; blade ovate-elliptic, 2.5–10 × 1.5–3.5 cm, base attenuate to broadly cuneate, margins minutely denticulate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences axillary, 1–7 (–15) -flowered. Flowers: sepals 4; petals 4, yellow or white, oblong, 3–4 × 1–2 mm; stamens 4; ovary smooth. Capsules pink, obovoid, 8–10 × 12–15 mm, deeply (2–) 4-lobed, rarely only 1 lobe developing, lobes clearly connate, surface smooth. Seeds obovoid, 7–8 × 4–5 mm; aril orange or yellow.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer; fruiting summer–fall.
Habitat: Roadsides, thickets, woodlands.
Elevation: 0–300 m.

Distribution

V12 445-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; N.B., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wis., Europe

Discussion

The leaves of Euonymus europaeus vary greatly in shape and size, especially in cultivated plants. The species was introduced to the flora area as a garden ornamental.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Euonymus europaeus"
yellow +  and orange +
Jinshuang Ma +  and Geoffrey A. Levin +
Linnaeus +
attenuate +  and broadly cuneate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
1-veined +, palmate +  and pinnate +
toothed +  and entire +
ovate-elliptic +
1.5cm;3.5cm +
4-angled +  and terete +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
(2-)4-lobed +  and obovoid +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
European spindle-tree +
N.B. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Tenn. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wis. +  and Europe +
0–300 m. +
2-5-lobed +, unlobed +, obovoid +, subglobose +  and globose +
Roadsides, thickets, woodlands. +
adnate +  and free +
1-7(-15)-flowered +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
deciduous +
connate +
denticulate +
intrastaminal +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–summer +  and fruiting summer–fall. +
4-5-carpellate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
obovoid +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
distinct +
Weedy +  and Introduced +
Euonymus europaeus +
Euonymus +
species +
evergreen +, deciduous +, perennial +  and annual +
tree +  and shrub +
polygamomonoecious +, dioecious +  and synoecious +