Euonymus fortunei

(Turczaninow) Handel-Mazzetti

Symb. Sin. 7: 660. 1933.

Common names: Wintercreeper climbing euonymus
Introduced
Basionym: Elaeodendron fortunei Turczaninow Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturistes Moscou 36: 603. 1863
Synonyms: Euonymus hederaceus Champion ex Bentham E. kiautschovicus Loesener
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 123. Mentioned on page 122.

Vines to 20 m. Stems prostrate to erect, climbing by adventitious-roots; young branches terete, not corky winged. Leaves persistent; petiole 5–10 mm; blade lanceolate, ovate, elliptic, to broadly obovate-elliptic, 1–9 × 0.5–5 cm, base cuneate, acute, obtuse, to rounded, margins crenate-serrate, apex obtuse, acute, or acuminate. Inflorescences axillary, 5–15-flowered. Flowers: sepals 4; petals 4, white to pale green, oblong, 3–4 × 2–3 mm; stamens 4; ovary smooth. Capsules straw colored to orange, globose, 6–8 mm diam., unlobed or very shallowly 4-lobed, lobes clearly connate, surface smooth. Seeds ellipsoid, 4–6 mm; aril orange. 2n = 32.


Phenology: Flowering summer; fruiting summer–fall.
Habitat: Moist woods, stream banks, riverbanks, disturbed areas.
Elevation: 0–300 m.

Distribution

V12 440-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Wis., e Asia

Discussion

Euonymus fortunei is widely planted as an ornamental and has escaped widely. Plants grow horizontally until they encounter a vertical surface like a rock, wall, or tree, which they then climb using adventitious roots. They sometimes form dense mats over other vegetation, excluding other plants.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Euonymus fortunei"
Jinshuang Ma +  and Geoffrey A. Levin +
(Turczaninow) Handel-Mazzetti +
obtuse +  and rounded +
Elaeodendron fortunei +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
1-veined +, palmate +  and pinnate +
toothed +  and entire +
elliptic;broadly obovate-elliptic +
0.5cm;5cm +
4-angled +  and terete +
straw colored +  and orange +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
4-lobed +, unlobed +  and globose +
Wintercreeper +  and climbing euonymus +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Wis. +  and e Asia +
0–300 m. +
2-5-lobed +, unlobed +, obovoid +, subglobose +  and globose +
Moist woods, stream banks, riverbanks, disturbed areas. +
adnate +  and free +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
persistent +
connate +
intrastaminal +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering summer +  and fruiting summer–fall. +
4-5-carpellate +
ellipsoid +
distinct +
Introduced +
prostrate +  and erect +
Euonymus hederaceus +  and E. kiautschovicus +
Euonymus fortunei +
Euonymus +
species +
evergreen +, deciduous +, perennial +  and annual +
polygamomonoecious +, dioecious +  and synoecious +