Euphorbia aaron-rossii

A. H. Holmgren & N. H. Holmgren

Brittonia 40: 357, figs. 1, 2. 1988.

Common names: Ross's or Marble Canyon spurge
EndemicConservation concern
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 242. Mentioned on page 241, 251.

Herbs, perennial, with deep stout rootstock. Stems erect, branched, densely clumped, previous year’s dead stems persistent, 25–45 (–60) cm, glabrous, striate. Leaves alternate, persisting, usually reflexed, occasionally spreading; stipules 0.1–0.3 mm; petiole 0.2–2.2 mm, glabrous; blade narrowly ovate to lanceolate proximally, narrowly lanceolate, linear, or filiform distally, 10–32 × 0.5–6.5 mm, base cuneate, margins entire, apex acute, surfaces pilose when young, sparsely strigose or glabrous with age; venation obscure, only midvein conspicuous. Cyathia in terminal monochasia (thus appearing solitary at alternate nodes); peduncle 0.5–2.5 (or 10–25) mm, glabrous or sparsely strigose. Involucre turbinate to campanulate, 2.2–3.7 × 1.5–2.5 mm, moderately strigose; glands 5, dark green, reniform, 0.7–1.1 × 1–1.6 mm; appendages white to pink, flabellate, 0.5–1.5 × 0.8–2.2 mm, dentate or erose. Staminate flowers 20–25. Pistillate flowers: ovary strigose; styles 1–1.3 mm, 2-fid at apex. Capsules subglobose, 2–3 × 4 mm, sparsely strigose; columella 2–3 mm. Seeds gray-green to gray-brown, globose-ovoid, 1.8–2.2 × 1.2–1.6 mm, longitudinally pitted; caruncle absent.


Phenology: Flowering and fruiting spring–fall.
Habitat: Sandy soils and dunes, occasionally rocky slopes, riparian areas.
Elevation: 600–1300 m.

Discussion

Euphorbia aaron-rossii is restricted to the banks of the Colorado River in several small areas of the Grand and Marble canyons. The species is most closely related to E. strictior and E. wrightii, but due to its rarity, it has not been extensively studied.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Euphorbia aaron-rossii"
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
flabellate +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
Jess A. Peirson +, Victor W. Steinmann +  and Jeffery J. Morawetz +
A. H. Holmgren & N. H. Holmgren +
cuneate +
Alectoroctonum +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
narrowly ovate;lanceolate proximally +
0.5mm;6.5mm +
whorled +  and not opposite +
cymose +, few-branched +  and unbranched +
additional +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
subglobose +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (?) +
exfoliating +
ceraceous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Ross's or Marble Canyon spurge +
600–1300 m. +
pistillate +  and staminate +
0.7mm;1.1mm +
subtending +
reniform +
1mm +  and 1.6mm +
Sandy soils and dunes, occasionally rocky slopes, riparian areas. +
pleiochasial +  and dichasial +
axillary +  and terminal +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br />) +
turbinate +  and campanulate +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
persisting +
bractlike +
palmate +  and pinnate +
crenulate +
strigose +  and glabrous +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
connate;distinct +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
Flowering and fruiting spring–fall. +
opposite +  and whorled +
with white margins +  and green +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br />) +
globose-ovoid +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
free +, connate +  and distinct +
persistent +
prostrate +  and decumbent +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (45 cm450 mm <br />0.45 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (?) +
glabrous +, strigose +  and pilose +
Agaloma +  and Tithymalopsis +
Euphorbia aaron-rossii +
Euphorbia sect. Alectoroctonum +
species +
in terminal monochasia +  and solitary +
10 +, 9 +, 8 +, 7 +  and 6 +