Euphorbia blodgettii

Engelmann ex Hitchcock

Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 126, plate 13. 1893.

Common names: Limestone sandmat
Endemic
Synonyms: Chamaesyce blodgettii (Engelmann ex Hitchcock) Small C. nashii Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 261. Mentioned on page 256, 257, 268, 285.

Herbs, usually annual, occasionally perennial, with slender to slightly thickened taproot, 3.5 mm diam.. Stems prostrate to decumbent, loosely mat-forming, often rooting at nodes, 10–45 cm, glabrous. Leaves opposite; stipules distinct, subulate filiform segments (lower side), or connate forming conspicuous, broad deltate scale (upper side), toothed, 0.5–1 mm, glabrous; petiole 0.7–1 mm, glabrous; blade ovate to oblongelliptic, 4–10 × 2–5 mm, base asymmetric, subcordate to rounded, margins usually entire, occasionally toothed, apex usually obtuse to rounded, occasionally acute to apiculate, surfaces without red blotch, glabrous; 3-veined from base, only midvein conspicuous. Cyathia solitary or in small, cymose clusters at distal nodes of stem or on congested, axillary branches; peduncle 0.4–0.6 mm. Involucre turbinate to campanulate, 0.5–0.6 × 0.4–0.6 mm, glabrous; glands 4, red, slightly concave, elliptic-oblong, 0.1 × 0.1–0.3 mm; appendages white to pink, unequal, pair near sinus lunate to oblong, 0.1–0.2 × 0.1–0.3 mm, distal margin entire, crenulate, or irregularly sinuate, other pair sometimes rudimentary, 0–0.1 × 0.1–0.3 mm, distal margin crenulate or entire. Staminate flowers 8–12. Pistillate flowers: ovary glabrous; styles 0.3–0.4 mm, 2-fid 1/2 length. Capsules broadly ovoid, 1.2–1.7 × 1.4–1.9 mm, glabrous; columella 1.2–1.6 mm. Seeds gray to reddish-brown, oblong-ovoid, 4-angled in cross-section, 0.9–1.1 × 0.5–0.6 mm, flat or obscurely wrinkled.


Phenology: Flowering and fruiting year-round.
Habitat: Coastal sand dunes and disturbed upland sandy areas.
Elevation: 0–20 m.

Discussion

Euphorbia blodgettii is found only in peninsular Florida. It is closely related to E. garberi, E. porteriana, and E. serpens (Y. Yang and P. E. Berry 2011).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Euphorbia blodgettii"
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
Victor W. Steinmann +, Jeffery J. Morawetz +, Paul E. Berry +, Jess A. Peirson +  and Ya Yang +
Engelmann ex Hitchcock +
pinnate +, symmetric +  and asymmetric +
subcordate +  and rounded +
Anisophyllum +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
ovate;oblongelliptic +
2mm;5mm +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br />) +
0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br />) +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
Limestone sandmat +
in small , cymose clusters +  and solitary +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br />) +
entire +, crenulate +  and sinuate +
0–20 m. +
pistillate +  and staminate +
subtending +
elliptic-oblong +  and concave +
0.1mm +  and 0.3mm +
Coastal sand dunes and disturbed upland sandy areas. +
axillary +  and terminal +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
turbinate +  and campanulate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
caducous +, deciduous +  and persistent +
bractlike +
palmate +  and pinnate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
connate;distinct +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Flowering and fruiting year-round. +
Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. +
conspicuous +
deltate +
0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br /> (0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br />) +
wrinkled +
4-angled +  and oblong-ovoid +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
lunate;oblong +
free +, connate +  and distinct +
mat-forming +
decumbent +, reclining +, ascending +  and erect +
prostrate to decumbent +
flattened +  and terete +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (45 cm450 mm <br />0.45 m <br />) +
interpetiolar +
connate +  and distinct +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +
Chamaesyce blodgettii +  and C. nashii +
Euphorbia blodgettii +
Euphorbia sect. Anisophyllum +
species +
axillary +  and terminal +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (?) +
perennial +  and annual +
slender;slightly thickened +
10 +, 9 +, 8 +, 7 +  and 6 +