Euphorbia stictospora

Engelmann in W. H. Emory

Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 187. 1859.

Common names: Mat or narrow-seeded spurge slimseed sandmat
Synonyms: Chamaesyce stictospora (Engelmann) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 289. Mentioned on page 253, 290, 292.

Herbs, annual, with taproot. Stems prostrate, often mat-forming, occasionally with ascending tips, 5–45 cm, densely and evenly pilose to lanate. Leaves opposite; stipules distinct or connate basally on one side of stem, entire or irregularly toothed or fringed, 0.5–1.2 mm, pilose to lanate; petiole 0.3–1.5 mm, pilose to lanate; blade usually oblong to oblong-obovate, occasionally nearly circular, 3–10 (–15) × 2–5 (–10) mm, base asymmetric, one side usually angled or rounded and other truncate-auriculate, margins minutely or conspicuously serrulate at least toward apex, apex usually broadly rounded to broadly acute, occasionally emarginate, abaxial surface often ± lighter green and without reddish spot, both surfaces sparsely to moderately pilose to lanate; 3-veined from base or venation obscure. Cyathia solitary at leaf nodes or in small, cymose clusters on congested, axillary branches; peduncle 0.7–2.5 mm. Involucre obconic, 0.7–1 × 0.4–0.6 mm, moderately to densely pilose to lanate; glands 4, reddish, ± unequal, oblong, 0.1 × 0.1–0.3 mm; appendages white to strongly pinkish or reddish tinged, often unequal, sometimes 1 to all absent, 0–0.3 × 0–0.4 mm, 3-lobed or rudimentarily 1-lobed, distal margin crenate. Staminate flowers 3–9. Pistillate flowers: ovary pilose to villous, hairs occasionally slightly appressed; styles 0.2–0.5 mm, unbranched or inconspicuously notched at tip. Capsules ovoid, 1.6–2.3 × 1.4–1.5 mm, moderately to densely villous with hairs usually slightly appressed, pubescence often concentrated on proximal 1/2 or along lobes; columella 1.5–2 mm. Seeds light to dark-brown, usually mottled, sometimes with thin, white coating, often wearing away irregularly, narrowly oblong-ovoid to ellipsoid, 3–4-angled in cross-section, 1–1.5 × 0.5–0.6 mm, with short, irregularly interrupted furrows, appearing partially and irregularly few-ridged.


Phenology: Flowering and fruiting midsummer–early fall.
Habitat: Open disturbed areas, rocky slopes.
Elevation: 100–2100 m.

Distribution

V12 29-distribution-map.jpg

Ariz., Colo., Iowa, Kans., Mo., Nebr., N.Mex., N.Dak., Okla., S.Dak., Tex., Wyo., Mexico (Chihuahua), Mexico (Durango), Mexico (San Luis Potosí)

Discussion

Euphorbia stictospora has been recorded from New York, but this disjunct occurrence likely represents a waif or misidentification.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Euphorbia stictospora"
white;strongly pinkish or reddish tinged +
Victor W. Steinmann +, Jeffery J. Morawetz +, Paul E. Berry +, Jess A. Peirson +  and Ya Yang +
Engelmann in W. H. Emory +
Anisophyllum +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
usually oblong;oblong-obovate +
2mm;5mm +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
concentrated +  and villous +
0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Mat or narrow-seeded spurge +  and slimseed sandmat +
3-4-angled;narrowly oblong-ovoid;ellipsoid +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
crenate +, 1-lobed +  and 3-lobed +
Ariz. +, Colo. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.Mex. +, N.Dak. +, Okla. +, S.Dak. +, Tex. +, Wyo. +, Mexico (Chihuahua) +, Mexico (Durango) +  and Mexico (San Luis Potosí) +
100–2100 m. +
pistillate +  and staminate +
subtending +
unequal +
0.1mm +  and 0.3mm +
Open disturbed areas, rocky slopes. +
axillary +  and terminal +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
pilose +  and lanate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
caducous +, deciduous +  and persistent +
bractlike +
palmate +  and pinnate +
toothed +  and entire +
pilose;villous +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
connate;distinct +
pilose +  and lanate +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
Flowering and fruiting midsummer–early fall. +
Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
few-ridged +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
truncate-auriculate +, rounded +  and angled +
free +, connate +  and distinct +
mat-forming +
decumbent +, reclining +, ascending +  and erect +
flattened +  and terete +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (45 cm450 mm <br />0.45 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
interpetiolar +
pilose +  and lanate +
? (?) +, ? (?) +  and ? (?) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
connate +  and distinct +
notched +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +
reddish spot +
pilose +  and lanate +
Chamaesyce stictospora +
Euphorbia stictospora +
Euphorbia sect. Anisophyllum +
species +
axillary +  and terminal +
10 +, 9 +, 8 +, 7 +  and 6 +