Garrya fremontii

Torrey in War Department [U.S.]

Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5): 136. 1857.

Common names: Bearbrush
Endemic
Synonyms: Garrya fremontii var. laxa Eastwood G. rigida Eastwood
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 553. Mentioned on page 549, 550.

Shrubs 1–3 (–5) m, branchlets strigose-sericeous, glabrate. Leaves: blade green abaxially, bright green adaxially, generally flat, ovate-elliptic to broadly lanceolate, obovate-elliptic, oblong, or suborbiculate, 2.5–12 × 1.1–7 cm, length 1.3–2.4 times width, margins flat to narrowly revolute, not undulate, smooth, apex rounded to obtuse, abaxial surface glabrous or sparsely strigose, hairs antrorsely appressed, adaxial surface glossy, glabrous; strongly reticulate-veined adaxially. Aments: staminate 7–20 cm; pistillate compact, internodes to 1 mm, unbranched, pendulous, 4–6 cm; pistillate bracts connate proximally into deep cup, at least at proximal nodes each subtending 3 flowers, triangular with acuminate-recurved apices, differing in size and shape from leaves, densely pilose to glabrate, ciliate. Berries 5–6 mm diam., glabrous or glabrate, not glaucous.


Phenology: Flowering Jan–Apr(–May).
Habitat: Rocky slopes, volcanic slopes, serpentine, chaparral, oak-pine, yellow pine, and mixed conifer-Arbutus woodlands.
Elevation: 100–2000(–2800) m.

Distribution

V12 605-distribution-map.jpg

Calif., Nev., Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Garrya fremontii"
strigose +  and glabrous +
pistillate +  and staminate +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
acuminate-recurved +
Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Guy L. Nesom +
Torrey in War Department [U.S.] +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
not glaucous +, glabrate +  and glabrous +
bright green +  and green +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
pinnate +, dentate +, serrate +  and entire +
ovate-elliptic;broadly lanceolate obovate-elliptic oblong or suborbiculate +
1.1cm;7cm +
densely pilose +  and glabrate +
triangular +
glabrate +  and strigose-sericeous +
Bearbrush +
Calif. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
100–2000(–2800) m. +
pistillate +  and staminate +
subglobose;ovoid +
Rocky slopes, volcanic slopes, serpentine, chaparral, oak-pine, yellow pine, and mixed conifer-Arbutus woodlands. +
intertwined +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
reticulate-veined +
not undulate;flat;narrowly revolute +
intrastaminal +
pistillate +  and staminate +
distinct +
Flowering Jan–Apr(–May). +
Pacif. Railr. Rep. +
connate +  and distinct +
rudimentary +
2 +  and 4 +
linear;lanceolate-oblong +
free +  and distinct +
decurrent +
distinct +
recurved +  and erect +
linear-lanceolate +
Garrya fremontii var. laxa +  and G. rigida +
Garrya fremontii +
species +