Gemmabryum kunzei

(Hornschuch) J. R. Spence

Phytologia 91: 497. 2009.

Basionym: Bryum kunzei Hornschuch Flora 2: 90. 1819 (as kunzii)
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 132. Mentioned on page 131.

Plants small. Stems 0.1–0.6 (–1) cm. Leaves concave, 0.3–0.8 (–1.2) mm; margins plane, limbidium absent; apex often hyaline with age, along with distal 1/3 of lamina; costa highly variable, not reaching apex in proximal leaves to long-excurrent in distal leaves, awn hyaline or sometimes green, smooth to weakly denticulate, usually 1/3–2/3 leaf length; proximal laminal cells abruptly quadrate, 1–2: 1; medial and distal cells short-rectangular to hexagonal, 12–18 (–20) µm wide, (2–) 3–4: 1. Specialized asexual reproduction unknown. Capsule with endostome segments pale tan, brown, redbrown, or rarely pale-yellow. Spores 8–12 (–14) µm.


Phenology: Capsules mature Apr–Jul (spring–summer).
Habitat: Dry sandy soil, rock, often calcareous, temperate arid to semiarid regions
Elevation: moderate to high elevations (500-2700 m)

Distribution

V28 206-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Calif., Colo., Nev., N.Mex., Utah, c Eurasia (including Caucasus)

Discussion

Gemmabryum kunzei is a small, long-awned segregate of G. caespiticium, characterized by very small leaves, often hyaline distal lamina and awn, shorter laminal cells, and lack of a limbidium. The species is a nondescript, green, often sterile moss, and many collections may represent depauperate material of other small Bryum species. There are unusual, very compact cushionlike forms in semiarid stable environments (under ledges and in alcoves in Nevada and Utah) that may or may not represent G. kunzei.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"narrower" is not a number."narrow" is not a number.

... more about "Gemmabryum kunzei"
John R. Spence +
(Hornschuch) J. R. Spence +
green +  and hyaline +
1/3 +  and 2/3 +
denticulate +
reduced +
curved +  and straight +
not decurrent +
Bryum kunzei +
deciduous +
cucullate +
not zygomorphic +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
pale-yellow +, redbrown +  and brown +
long-exserted +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
quadrate +
appendiculate +
long-excurrent +
subpercurrent +
inflated +
hexagonal;rhomboidal +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Utah +  and c Eurasia (including Caucasus) +
moderate to high elevations (500-2700 m) +
hyaline;pale-yellow +
not adherent +
yellow +  and brown +
Dry sandy soil, rock, often calcareous, temperate arid to semiarid regions +
not inflated +  and tapered +
not +  and differentiated +
polyoicous +, monoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
concave +
vegetative +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
multistratose +, 2-stratose +  and 1-stratose +
entire +  and serrulate +
1 (?) +, 3 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
short-rectangular +  and hexagonal +
short-rectangular +  and quadrate +
rostrate +, apiculate +, short-conic +  and long-convex +
lateral +  and terminal +
lateral +  and terminal +
diplolepidous-alternate +
Capsules mature Apr–Jul (spring–summer). +
differentiated +
redbrown +  and red +
smooth;papillose +
synoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
synoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
flexuose +  and straight +
not geniculate +
light-brown +
germinating +
differentiated +
gemmiform +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Gemmabryum kunzei +
Gemmabryum sect. Caespitibryum +
species +
acuminate;lanceolate +
distinct +
several +  and common +
straight +
specialized +
sinuate +
incrassate +
pale green +  and red-green +