Glandulicactus

Backeberg

Blätter Kakteenf. 1938(6): [18, 10, 13, 25]. 1938.

Etymology: Latin glandula, gland, and Cactus, an old genus name
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 207. Mentioned on page 97, 197, 198.

Plants erect, usually unbranched, not deep-seated in substrate. Roots diffuse. Stems unsegmented, usually bluish green or grayish green, spheric to cylindric, (5–) 7–15 (–30) × 5–7.5 (–10) cm, glabrous; ribs 9–13, protruding on sexually mature plants, crests deeply notched adaxial to each areole, making ribs ± crenate (ribs of young plants almost completely divided into tubercles); tubercles 9–15 × 6–10 mm; areoles spaced 20–25 mm apart along ribs, adaxially elongated into short, conspicuous areolar grooves extending into rib notches (axils of partially confluent tubercles), short woolly; areolar glands 1 to several, usually conspicuous in groove, hemispheric; cortex and pith not mucilaginous. Spines 10–12 per areole, straw colored to pale gray or reddish, longest spines 50–90 (–130) × 1–1.5 mm, glabrous; radial spines (5–) 8–10 per areole, (11–) 20–35 (–47) mm, 3 abaxial spines hooked, sometimes 1 straight abaxial spine beneath hooked spines; lateral and adaxial spines not hooked, 2–3 in semicentral spine position; central spines 1–4 per areole, principal 1 hooked, turned upward, terete to somewhat flattened. Flowers diurnal, at stem apex at adaxial edges of areoles or at axillary end of short areolar groove, campanulate or funnelform, 2–4 × 2–3 cm; outer tepals entire or crenate-serrate to densely and minutely fringed; inner tepals brick-red or maroon, 12–22 × 3.5–6 mm, margins minutely toothed; ovary scaly, spineless; scales broad, entire or crenate-serrate to densely and minutely fringed; stigma lobes 10–14, pale-yellow to dull orange, 5–6 mm. Fruits indehiscent, brilliant red [green], ovoid, obovoid, or spheric, 15–25 × 10–20 mm, very succulent, conspicuously scaly, spineless; pulp brilliant red [white]; floral remnant strongly persistent. Seeds black, often slightly curved, obovoid to pyriform, 1.3–1.5 × 0.8–1 mm; testa cells convex. x = 11.

Distribution

Arid regions, sw United States, Mexico

Discussion

Species 1–3 (1 in the flora).

Generic affinities of Glandulicactus have been the subject of much taxonomic disagreement. Glandulicactus has been associated with Echinocactus, Echinomastus, Ferocactus, Hamatocactus, Thelocactus, Ancistrocactus, and Sclerocactus. Chloroplast DNA evidence (C. A. Butterworth et al. 2002) supports a close relationship to Echinocactus, Ferocactus, and Thelocactus, but a quite distant relationship from Sclerocactus. Glandulicactus is the only genus of subfam. Cactoideae in the flora with strongly hooked, abaxial radial spines, conspicuous even on immature plants two centimeters in diameter.

"elongated" is not a number.

... more about "Glandulicactus"
cushionlike +
several +  and 1 +
apart +  and spaced +
circular to linear +
deciduous +  and persistent +
hourglass--shaped +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Allan D. Zimmerman +  and Bruce D. Parfitt +
Backeberg +
hardened +
triangular +
flattened +, terete to somewhat +  and hooked +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
not mucilaginous +
crenate +  and notched +
Arid regions +, sw United States +  and Mexico +
not separating +
Latin glandula, gland, and Cactus, an old genus name +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
indehiscent +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
15mm;25mm +
spheric +, obovoid +  and ovoid +
succulent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
conspicuous +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
rudimentary +
flat +  and terete +
nearly +  and microscopic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
50mm +  and 90mm +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
crenate-serrate +  and entire +
deciduous +  and persistent +
not mucilaginous +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
Blätter Kakteenf. +
unger1982a +
protruding +
crenate-serrate +  and entire +
fringed +
arillate +  and strophiolate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
obovoid;pyriform +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (4.7 cm47 mm <br />0.047 m <br />) +
straw colored +  and pale gray or reddish +
deciduous +  and persistent +
3 (?) +, 8 (?) +  and 10 (?) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
hard +  and rigid +
decurrent +
unsegmented +
7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
grayish green +  and bluish green +
7cm;15cm +
spheric +  and cylindric +
succulent +
5cm;7.5cm +
pale-yellow +  and dull orange +
tuberculate +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Glandulicactus +
Cactaceae subfam. Cactoideae +
dull +  and glossy +
9mm +  and 15mm +
6mm +  and 10mm +
epiphytic;epiphytic;epiphytic +
not deep-seated +
barrel-shaped +  and spheric +