Helonias bullata

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 342. 1753.

Common names: Swamp-pink
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 70.

Plants 1–3 dm in flower, 6 dm in fruit. Leaves dark green, 9–35 × 1.5–4 cm; bractlike leaves broadly triangular, 1–2 cm. Racemes 30–70-flowered, ovoid in flower, 2.5–10 cm, elongate in fruit, 10–17.5 cm. Tepals 4–9 mm; filaments filiform, 5–6 mm; anthers blue, 0.75–1 mm; styles 1.4–2.5 mm; pedicel 5–8 mm. Capsules obcordate, 3–8 × 8–10 mm. Seeds whitish brown, 4–6 mm. 2n = 34.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–early summer.
Habitat: Swamps, bogs, and pocosins of the Blue Ridge Mountains and northern coastal plain
Elevation: 0–1100 m

Distribution

V26 49-distribution-map.jpg

Del., Ga., Md., N.J., N.Y., N.C., S.C., Va.

Discussion

Helonias bullata is threatened in several eastern coastal states (R. D. Sutter 1984). Linnaeus cited Pennsylvania as the type locality, but probably his material came from the New Jersey pine barrens, and all Pennsylvania populations are introduced (E. T. Wherry et al. 1979; F. H. Utech 1980). This species has horticultural potential in wet gardens.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thicker" is not a number.

... more about "Helonias bullata"
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
cordate +  and linear +
0.075 cm0.75 mm <br />7.5e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Frederick H. Utech +
Linnaeus +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
dilated +
oblong-spatulate +  and oblanceolate +
sheathing +  and involucrate +
tunicate +  and scaly +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
obcordate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Swamp-pink +
Del. +, Ga. +, Md. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, S.C. +  and Va. +
0–1100 m +
adnate +  and distinct +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
fragrant +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
loculicidal +
3-lobed +
Swamps, bogs, and pocosins of the Blue Ridge Mountains and northern coastal plain +
pedicellate +  and ebracteate +
dark green +
evergreen +
9cm;35cm +
triangular +  and bractlike +
reduced +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
adaxial +  and proximal +
many;several +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering late spring–early summer. +
30-70-flowered +
elongate +  and ovoid +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (17.5 cm175 mm <br />0.175 m <br />) +
contractile +
wind-distributed +
caudate +  and linear-fusiform +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
persistent +
adnate +  and free +
staminodial +
hollow +  and simple +
1 +  and several +
not papillate +
distinct +
ascending +  and arching +
depressed +
0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Helonias bullata +
Helonias +
species +
green;purplish-pink +
persistent +
distinct +  and barely connate +
spatulate +  and oblong +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
3 +  and 2 +