Hiptage benghalensis

(Linnaeus) Kurz

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 43: 136. 1874.

Common names: Hiptage
IntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Banisteria benghalensis Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 427. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 362.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Karin Douthit

Copyright: University of Michigan

Branches spreading. Leaf-blades elliptic or ovate, larger blades 10–16 × 4–7 (–9.5) cm, base cuneate, apex acuminate, abaxial surface glabrescent or sparsely sericeous, hairs short, straight, adaxial surface glabrous, bearing 2 larger glands at base and usually several small impressed glands in an inframarginal row. Flowers very fragrant; calyx gland 3–5 mm; petals long-fimbriate. Samaras: upper central wing 37–45 (–52) mm, 2 lower lateral wings 17–27 mm.


Phenology: Flowering and fruiting Apr–May.
Habitat: Hammocks.
Elevation: 0–10 m.

Discussion

Hiptage benghalensis is thought to be native from India and Sri Lanka to the Philippines, but it is difficult to know the true natural range because it has been cultivated as an ornamental for a long time and escapes readily, spreading aggressively and becoming a serious pest. The species is cultivated as an ornamental and locally naturalized in southernmost Florida.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Hiptage benghalensis"
sericeous;glabrescent +
subequal +  and largest +
William R. Anderson† +
(Linnaeus) Kurz +
cuneate +
Banisteria benghalensis +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Hiptage +
Fla. +  and Asia +
much smaller +
0–10 m. +
fragrant +
multicellular +
Hammocks. +
2-armed +  and unicellular +
straight +
submedifixed +  and medifixed +
terminal +  and axillary +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (9.5 cm95 mm <br />0.095 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
Pink (?) +  and White (?) +
glabrous +  and sericeous +
Flowering and fruiting Apr–May. +
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. +
1 +  and 3 +
connate +  and distinct +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
free +, connate +  and distinct +
interpetiolar +
distinct +
tapered +
Hiptage benghalensis +
species +
4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br /> (5.2 cm52 mm <br />0.052 m <br />) +
3.7 cm37 mm <br />0.037 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
deciduous +, evergreen +  and perennial +
vine +  and shrub +