Jatropha multifida

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 1006. 1753.

Common names: Coral plant French physic or physic nut yucca
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 201. Mentioned on page 199.

Shrubs or trees, to 7 m, monoecious. Stems erect, yellowbrown, sparsely branched, woody-succulent, glabrous; short-shoots absent; latex viscous, cloudy-whitish. Leaves persistent or drought-deciduous, mostly borne on or near branch tips; stipules persistent, (3–) 6–15 (–25) mm, filiform-divided; petiole 11–29 cm, not stipitate-glandular; blade ovate-cordate in outline, 16–30 × 10–22 cm, deeply 9–11-lobed nearly to base, base rounded, margins incised, apex acuminate, membranous, surfaces glabrous; venation palmate. Inflorescences bisexual, terminal and subterminal, cymes; peduncle 12–30 cm; bracts 2–4.5 mm, margins entire, glabrous. Pedicels 3.5–6 mm. Staminate flowers: sepals connate to 1/2 length, ovate, 1.5–3 × 1–1.2 mm, margins entire, apex round, surfaces glabrous; corolla orange-red, campanulate, petals distinct, 5–7 × 2.5–3 mm, surfaces glabrous; stamens 8 in 1 whorl; filaments distinct, 2.2–2.5 mm. Pistillate flowers resembling staminate, but sepals 2–3.5 × 1.1–1.3 mm; petals 6–8.2 × 2–3.2 mm; carpels (1–) 3; styles distinct, 1–1.2 mm. Capsules ellipsoidal, winged, 3–3.4 × 2.7–2.9 cm, tardily dehiscent. Seeds yellow to light-brown, mottled with dark-brown spots or stripes, spheric, 14–18 mm; caruncle rudimentary. 2n = 22 (Puerto Rico).


Phenology: Flowering and fruiting year-round.
Habitat: Disturbed sites.
Elevation: 0–50 m.

Distribution

Introduced; Fla., West Indies, also in Mexico, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands, Australia

Discussion

The geographical origin of Jatropha multifida cannot be determined with certainty; it is probably native to the West Indies. The species is widely cultivated throughout the tropics as an ornamental and has escaped and naturalized in many areas, including central and southern Florida.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Jatropha multifida"
distinct +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
membranous +
10cm;22cm +
Bijan Dehgan +
Linnaeus +
16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br /> (?) +  and 30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (?) +
acuminate +, incised +, rounded +  and 9-11-lobed +
membranous +
10cm;22cm +
ovate-cordate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (3.4 cm34 mm <br />0.034 m <br />) +
ellipsoidal +
2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br /> (2.9 cm29 mm <br />0.029 m <br />) +
Coral plant +, French physic or physic nut +  and yucca +
Fla. +, West Indies +, also in Mexico +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia +
0–50 m. +
pistillate +  and staminate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
1.1mm;1.3mm +
stipitate-glandular +
subtending +
Disturbed sites. +
palmate +  and pinnate +
cloudy-whitish +
drought-deciduous +  and persistent +
palmate +  and pinnate +
16cm;30cm +
acuminate +, incised +, rounded +  and 9-11-lobed +
10cm +  and 22cm +
extrastaminal +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
Purple (?) +, Red (?) +, Pink (?) +, Greenish yellow (?) +  and White (?) +
distinct +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.82 cm8.2 mm <br />0.0082 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.32 cm3.2 mm <br />0.0032 m <br />) +
not stipitate-glandular +
11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br /> (29 cm290 mm <br />0.29 m <br />) +
Flowering and fruiting year-round. +
1-3-carpellate +
spheric +
1.5mm (?) +  and 3mm (?) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
Introduced +
free +, connate +  and distinct +
connate;distinct +
yellowbrown +
woody-succulent +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
dark-brown spots +
distinct +
connate +  and distinct +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (?) +
16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
acuminate +, incised +, rounded +  and 9-11-lobed +
membranous +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (22 cm220 mm <br />0.22 m <br />) +
Jatropha multifida +
Jatropha +
species +
tree +  and shrub +