Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Common names: Eastern redcedar-ouge
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Juniperus virginiana var. crebra Sabina virginiana
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Trees to 30 m; crown narrowly erect (in young, fast-growing trees) to conic or occasionally round. Bark reddish-brown. Branches erect, spreading, or pendulous. Scalelike leaves acute at apex. Pollen cones 3–4 mm. Seed-cones globose to ovoid, 4–6 (–7) mm. Seeds 2–4 mm. 2n = 22, 33.


Habitat: Upland to low woods, old fields, glades, fencerows, and river swamps
Elevation: 0–1400 m

Distribution

Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Eastern redcedar hybridizes with the related species Juniperus horizontalis (M. Palma-Otal et al. 1983) and J. scopulorum (C. W. Comer et al. 1982). Reported hybridization with J. ashei has been refuted in subsequent studies (R. P. Adams 1977).

The wood of Juniperus virginiana is used for production of eastern redcedarwood oil, fenceposts, and cedar chests.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

not +  and visible +
elongate +  and elliptic +
Obtuse (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Robert P. Adams +
Linnaeus +
long-lived +
reddish-brown +
exfoliating +
pendulous;spreading;pendulous;spreading;erect +
angled +  and terete +
inconspicuous +  and undifferentiated +
Eastern redcedar-ouge +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
blue-black +  and brownish blue +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
globose +  and ovoid +
round +  and conic +
Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–1400 m +
Upland to low woods, old fields, glades, fencerows, and river swamps +
decurrent +  and scale-like +
petioled +, sessile +, twisted +  and simple +
green but sometimes turning reddish-brown +
persisting +
overlapping +
conspicuous +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
acute +  and scale-like +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
spheric;oblong +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
fibrous;woody +
peltate +  and complex +
cuneate +  and oblong +
fleshy +  and woody +
overlapping +
persistent +
coalesced +
fibrous +  and obscurely woody +
1 +  and 2 +
1 +  and 2 +
round +  and faceted +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
flattened +
Juniperus virginiana var. crebra +  and Sabina virginiana +
Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana +
Juniperus virginiana +
variety +
flattened +, angled +  and terete +
upright +  and decumbent +
asymmetric +  and symmetric +