Kiaeria blyttii

(Bruch & Schimper) Brotherus

Laubm. Fennoskand., 87. 1923,.

Basionym: Dicranum blyttii Bruch & Schimper Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 34: 164. 1846
Synonyms: Arctoa blyttii (Bruch & Schimper) Loeske Arctoa blyttii var. hispidula (R. S. Williams) Grout
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 421. Mentioned on page 423.

Plants in loose or brown tufts, dark green, dull. Stems 1–2 cm. Branch leaves erect-spreading, flexuose and somewhat crisped when dry, lanceolate, gradually subulate, 2–4 mm, margins occasionally distally 2-stratose; costa 35–50 µm at base; distal laminal cells mostly subquadrate (1–2:1), 8–11 µm wide, papillose on the dorsal surface; basal laminal cells elongate, smooth, sometimes porose, alar cells gradually enlarged. Perichaetial leaves similar to the cauline. Perigonia terminal on separate branches or located well below the perichaetia. Capsule not ribbed when dry, urn 1–1.2 mm. Spores 13–23 µm.


Habitat: Soil in rock crevices or acid rock
Elevation: alpine elevations

Distribution

Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., Que., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Maine, N.H., N.Y., Oreg., Wash., Europe, Asia

Discussion

Kiaeria blyttii is distinguished by position of the male inflorescence at the ends of separate branches or well below the perichaetia, giving the appearance of separate stems (polyoicous). In the field, it can be distinguished from small sterile forms of K. starkei by its more terrestrial habit, spreading leaves, dull, dark green or brownish color, and lack of grooves on the dry capsules.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Kiaeria blyttii"
persistent +  and deciduous +
Steven G. Newmaster +
(Bruch & Schimper) Brotherus +
short to long +
Dicranum blyttii +
erect-spreading +
subulate +, lanceolate +  and crisped +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
pseudomonoicous +, dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
reproduction +  and asexual +
cucullate +
smooth +  and furrowed +
strumose +  and cylindric +
papillose +  and mammillose +
cladautoicous +  and sexual +
enlarged +
differentiated +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Maine +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +, Europe +  and Asia +
alpine elevations +
Soil in rock crevices or acid rock +
falcate-secund +
subulate +  and lanceolate +
entire +  and serrulate +
nonpitted +  and pitted +
toothed +  and forked +
pitted-striolate +
16 +  and single +
papillose +  and striolate +
undifferentiated +
Laubm. Fennoskand., +
yellow turning red +
flexuose +  and straight +
cygneous +  and elongate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
yellow +  and greenish yellow +
spheric +
simple or;dichotomously irregularly branched +
erect-spreading +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
differentiated +
superficial +
Arctoa blyttii +  and Arctoa blyttii var. hispidula +
Kiaeria blyttii +
species +
deciduous +
redbrown +  and pitted-striolate +
papillose;vertically striolate +
divided +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +