Kiaeria starkei

(Weber & D. Mohr) I. Hagen

Kongel. Norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. (Trondheim) 1914: 114. 1915,.

Basionym: Dicranum starkei Weber & D. Mohr Neues Bot. Taschenb. Anfänger Wiss. Apothekerkunst 1807: 189. 1807
Synonyms: Arctoa starkei (Weber & D. Mohr) Loeske
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 421. Mentioned on page 422, 423.

Plants in loose tufts, green to yellow, mostly shiny. Stems 1–2 (–4) cm. Leaves mostly falcate-secund, curled at tips when dry, lanceolate, gradually subulate, 2–4.5 mm, margins distally 1-stratose; costa 50–60 µm wide at base; distal laminal cells mostly elongate (2–4:1), occasionally subquadrate, 7–9 µm wide, smooth or weakly mammillose-roughened; basal laminal cells elongate, smooth, sometimes porose, alar cells strongly inflated and differentiated from the bordering small quadrate cells. Perichaetial leaves similar to the cauline. Perigonia sessile, located just below perichaetia. Capsule distinctly ribbed when dry, urn 1.3–2 mm. Spores 13–21 µm.


Habitat: Acid rock or sandy soil in rock crevices
Elevation: subalpine to alpine elevations

Distribution

Alta., B.C., Man., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Que., Alaska, Idaho, Mont., N.H., Oreg., Wash., South America, Europe, Asia

Discussion

Kiaeria starkei occurs frequently on vertical rock surfaces, and is distinguished by the sessile male inflorescence, which is located close to the perichaetia. It can be separated in the field from the more terrestrial K. blyttii by its shiny, falcate leaves. Subalpine forms of K. falcata are more commonly found on horizontal rock surfaces and do not have grooved sporangia.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Kiaeria starkei"
persistent +  and deciduous +
Steven G. Newmaster +
(Weber & D. Mohr) I. Hagen +
short to long +
Dicranum starkei +
pseudomonoicous +, dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
reproduction +  and asexual +
cucullate +
smooth +  and furrowed +
strumose +  and cylindric +
papillose +  and mammillose +
cladautoicous +  and sexual +
quadrate +  and inflated +
differentiated +
50um;60um +
mammillose-roughened +  and smooth +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Que. +, Alaska +, Idaho +, Mont. +, N.H. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +, South America +, Europe +  and Asia +
subalpine to alpine elevations +
Acid rock or sandy soil in rock crevices +
falcate-secund +
entire +  and serrulate +
nonpitted +  and pitted +
toothed +  and forked +
pitted-striolate +
16 +  and single +
papillose +  and striolate +
undifferentiated +
Kongel. Norske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. (Trondheim) +
woolgrove1996a +
yellow turning red +
flexuose +  and straight +
cygneous +  and elongate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
yellow +  and greenish yellow +
spheric +
simple or;dichotomously irregularly branched +
erect-spreading +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
differentiated +
superficial +
Arctoa starkei +
Kiaeria starkei +
species +
deciduous +
subulate +  and lanceolate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
redbrown +  and pitted-striolate +
papillose;vertically striolate +
divided +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
green +  and yellow +