Liparis liliifolia

(Linnaeus) Richard ex Lindley

Bot. Reg. 11: plate 882. 1825.

Common names: Lily-leaved twayblade large twayblade mauve sleekwort
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Ophrys liliifolia Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 946. 1753 (as lilifolia)
Synonyms: Leptorchis liliifolia (Linnaeus) Kuntze Malaxis liliifolia (Linnaeus) Swartz Ophrys trifolia Walter
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 625. Mentioned on page 623.

Plants 9–25 cm. Pseudobulbs ovoid, 20 ×10 mm, sheathed by bracts and persistent leaf-bases, previous year’s pseudobulb usually present, connected by short rhizome. Stems bright green, with or without purplish brown tinge, angled, sometimes obscurely winged or fluted distally. Leaves 2; blade conduplicate, dark green, glossy, ovate-elliptic, keeled abaxially, 4–18 × 2–8.5 cm, succulent, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences 4–15 cm; floral bracts subulate, 2 × 1 mm, apex acute; pedicels slender, 5–7 mm. Flowers 5–31, mauve-purple and green; dorsal sepal oblong-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, 8–11.5 × 1.2–2 mm, apex obtuse to acute; lateral sepals oblong-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, 8–11.5 × 1.2–2 mm, apex obtuse to acute; petals pendent, curved, tubular, narrowly linear to filiform, 8.5–12 × 0.2–0.3 mm, margins strongly revolute; lip translucent, mauve to pale-purple or rarely green with prominent purplish veining, cuneate-obovate to suborbiculate, 8–12 × 6–10 mm, base slightly auriculate, apical margin erose-serrulate, apex subtruncate, mucronate; column winged apically, 3–4 × 1–1.5 mm, with 2 blunt tubercles on inner surface near base; anthers yellow; pollinia yellow. Capsules: pedicel 11–18 mm; body ellipsoid, 15 × 5 mm, veins often slightly winged.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jul (north).
Habitat: Mature mesic to moist deciduous forests, pine woods, rich moist humus, often colonizing previously open, disturbed habitats during early and middle stages of reforestation
Elevation: 10–1500 m

Distribution

V26 1279-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Md., Mass., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Liparis liliifolia has what appear to be extremely similar relatives in Japan [L. japonica (Miquel) Maximowicz and L. makinoana Schlechter] and China (L. pauliana Handel-Mazzetti and L. cathcartii Hooker f.). Further work is needed to clarify the relationships among these five species. It could be a case of either divergent evolution from a common ancestor or convergent evolution from two or more ancestors.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Liparis liliifolia"
green +  and yellow +
self-pollination +
subtruncate +  and erose-serrulate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
6mm +  and 10mm +
erose-serrulate +  and crenulate-wavy +
Lawrence K. Magrath +
(Linnaeus) Richard ex Lindley +
subtruncate +  and erose-serrulate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (?) +
auriculate +, cuneate-obovate +  and suborbiculate +
6mm +  and 10mm +
Ophrys liliifolia +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
keeled +  and ovate-elliptic +
2cm;8.5cm +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (?) +
ellipsoid +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (?) +
3mm +  and 4mm +
slender +  and stout +
1mm +  and 1.5mm +
Lily-leaved twayblade +, large twayblade +  and mauve sleekwort +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.15 cm11.5 mm <br />0.0115 m <br />) +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
10–1500 m +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
mauve-purple and green +
ellipsoid;ovoid +
Mature mesic to moist deciduous forests, pine woods, rich moist humus, often colonizing previously open, disturbed habitats during early and middle stages of reforestation +
lateral +  and terminal +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.15 cm11.5 mm <br />0.0115 m <br />) +
oblong-lanceolate +  and narrowly lanceolate +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
reduced +
mauve +  and pale-purple or rarely green +
arcuate-recurved +
mucronate +
larger +
subtruncate +  and erose-serrulate +
auriculate +, cuneate-obovate +  and suborbiculate +
6mm +  and 10mm +
differing in form and color +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
0.85 cm8.5 mm <br />0.0085 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Jul (north). +
plicate +  and conduplicate +
plicate +  and conduplicate +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (?) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
3-40-flowered +
aerial +  and subterranean +
slender +
minute +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
bright green +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
fluted +  and angled +
slender +
concave +  and convex +
Leptorchis liliifolia +, Malaxis liliifolia +  and Ophrys trifolia +
Liparis liliifolia +
species +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +