Logfia gallica

(Linnaeus) Cosson & Germain

Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 291. 1843.

Common names: Daggerleaf or narrowleaf cottonrose cotonnière de France
Introduced
Basionym: Filago gallica Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: add. 1753
Synonyms: Oglifa gallica (Linnaeus) Chrtek & Holub
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 447. Mentioned on page 443, 444.

Plants 2–50 [–30] cm. Stems 1–5, ± erect; branches ± leafy between proximal forks, remaining grayish to greenish, arachnoid-sericeous. Leaves mostly subulate, largest 20–30 (–40) × 1–1.5 (–2) mm, ± stiff; longest capitular leaves 2–5 times head heights, acute or subspinose. Heads in glomerules of (2–) 3–10 (–14) in strictly dichasiiform arrays, narrowly ampulliform, largest (3–) 3.5–4.5 × 2–3 mm. Phyllaries usually 5, equal, unlike paleae (hyaline, obovate). Receptacles fungiform to obovoid, 0.7–0.9 mm, heights 0.8–1.1 times diams. Pistillate paleae (except innermost) 9–12 in 2 series, ± vertically ranked, tightly saccate, inflexed 70–90° proximally, gibbous, ± galeate, longest 3.3–4.1 mm, distal 15–30% of lengths glabrous abaxially; bodies ± bony, ± terete; wings prominent. Innermost paleae ± 5, spreading in 1 series, pistillate. Pistillate florets: outer 9–12 epappose, inner 8–14 (–30) pappose. Bisexual florets [2–] 3–5; corollas 2.2–3 mm, lobes mostly 4, brownish to yellowish. Cypselae: outer incurved, proximally ± horizontal, distally erect, compressed, [0.8–] 0.9–1 mm; inner ± sparsely papillate; pappi of 18–28+ bristles falling in complete or partial rings, 2.2–3 mm. 2n = 28 (former USSR, Portugal).


Phenology: Flowering and fruiting mid Mar–early Jul(–Aug).
Habitat: Mediterranean climates, open slopes, flats, diverse substrates (including serpentine), often ruderal or disturbed sites (especially chaparral burns)
Elevation: 0–1100(–1400) m

Distribution

V19-740-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Calif., Oreg., Eurasia, n Africa, also in Mexico (Baja California), South America, Atlantic Islands, Pacific Islands, Australia

Discussion

Logfia gallica is introduced in South America, Atlantic Islands, Pacific Islands (Hawaii), Australia, and probably elsewhere.

Logfia gallica is readily recognized by its relatively long and stiff awl-shaped leaves. In the flora, L. gallica is relatively common in the Californian Floristic Province from southwestern Oregon to northwestern Baja California (including the Channel Islands). It is often so well integrated with indigenous vegetation as to appear native. The first known collection in the flora area was from Newcastle, California, around 1883. It had been collected throughout central California by 1935 and had occupied most of its present North American range by 1970.

In the flora area, Logfia gallica tends to grow larger than in its native range.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Logfia gallica"
scarious +
mostly ovate +  and lanceovate or linear +
dichasiiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
James D. Morefield +
(Linnaeus) Cosson & Germain +
decurrent +
Filago gallica +
compound +  and simple +
subulate;obovate +
muriculate +, papillate +  and smooth +
grayish +  and greenish +
arachnoid-sericeous +
Daggerleaf or narrowleaf cottonrose +  and cotonnière de France +
actinomorphic +
red-tipped +, purplish +, yellow +  and whitish +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
attenuate +, not beaked +, obcompressed +, compressed +, mostly ovoid +  and obovoid +
Calif. +, Oreg. +, Eurasia +, n Africa +, also in Mexico (Baja California) +, South America +, Atlantic Islands +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia +
0–1100(–1400) m +
dull +  and shiny +
usually papillate +  and muriculate +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Mediterranean climates, open slopes, flats, diverse substrates (including serpentine), often ruderal or disturbed sites (especially chaparral burns) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
indeterminate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
ampulliform +
largest +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
each +  and sessile +
inconspicuous +
sessile +  and petiolate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
20mm;30mm +
subulate +
largest +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
brownish;yellowish +
rarely lanceovate +  and lanceolate +
2-5 times head heights +
subspinose +  and acute +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br />) +
curved +  and straight +
erect +, horizontal +  and incurved +
0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
2-carpellate +
galeate;gibbous;unlike +
0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br /> (0.41 cm4.1 mm <br />0.0041 m <br />) +
persistent +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering and fruiting mid Mar–early Jul(–Aug). +
subequal +  and unequal +
Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. +
paleate +  and epaleate +
0.8-1.1 times diams +
fungiform;obovoid +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br />) +
partial +  and complete +
exalbuminous +
Introduced +
1 +  and 5 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +
Oglifa gallica +
Logfia gallica +
species +
50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br /> (70 cm700 mm <br />0.7 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
erect;incurved +