Minuartia caroliniana

(Walter) Mattfeld

Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57(Beibl. 126): 28. 1921.

Common names: Pine-barren stitchwort or sandwort long-root
Endemic
Basionym: Arenaria caroliniana Walter Fl. Carol., 141. 1788
Synonyms: Alsinopsis caroliniana (Walter) Small Minuopsis caroliniana (Walter) W. A. Weber Sabulina caroliniana (Walter) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 121. Mentioned on page 118, 129.

Plants perennial. Taproots stout, woody; crown with radiating subterranean branches. Stems erect to ascending, green, 8–28 cm, glabrous, internodes of flowering-stems 0.3–10 times as long as leaves. Leaves variably spaced distally, overlapping (proximal 1/3), connate proximally, with tight, scarious to herbaceous sheath 0.2–1.5 mm; blade straight to slightly spreading, green, concave, 3-veined, lateral-veins less prominent, lanceolate to subulate, 2–13 × 1–5 mm, rigid, margins rounded, scarious in proximal 1/2–2/3, smooth, apex green, blunt to apiculate, navicular, shiny, glabrous; axillary leaves present. Inflorescences 5–12+-flowered, narrow cymes; bracts ovate to subulate, ± scarious. Pedicels 0.2–3 cm, densely stipitate-glandular. Flowers: hypanthium disc to cupshaped; sepals obscurely veined, ± broadly ovate (herbaceous portion ± broadly ovate), 2.5–3 mm, not enlarging in fruit, apex green, rounded, not hooded, stipitate-glandular proximally; petals spatulate, 2.5–3.2 times as long as sepals, apex broadly rounded, entire. Capsules on stipe ca 0.1 mm, ovoid, 4.7–5 mm, longer than sepals. Seeds brown, suborbiculate, without prolonged beak, not compressed, 0.6–0.65 mm, tuberculate; tubercles low, rounded.


Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat: Oak or pine woodlands, dry, open, sandy areas
Elevation: 0-100 m

Distribution

V5 247-distribution-map.gif

Del., Fla., Ga., Md., N.J., N.Y., N.C., R.I., S.C., Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"-10timesaslongasleaves" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."-3.2timesaslongassepals" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Minuartia caroliniana"
stipitate-glandular +  and glabrous +
Richard K. Rabeler +, Ronald L. Hartman +  and Frederick H. Utech +
(Walter) Mattfeld +
Arenaria caroliniana +
prolonged +
straight +
concave +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
ovate +  and subulate +
reduced +
subterranean +
0.47 cm4.7 mm <br />0.0047 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Pine-barren stitchwort or sandwort +  and long-root +
axillary +  and terminal +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Md. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, R.I. +, S.C. +  and Va. +
0-100 m +
straight +  and curved +
central +  and peripheral +
axillary +  and terminal +
inconspicuous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
stalked +  and simple +
Oak or pine woodlands, dry, open, sandy areas +
disc--shaped +  and dish +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (?) +
lanceolate +  and subulate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
overlapping +  and spaced +
connate +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
reflexed;erect;arcuate-spreading +
stipitate-glandular +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Lilac (?) +, Pink (?) +  and White (?) +
fugacious +
Flowering spring–early summer. +
Bot. Jahrb. Syst. +
tuberculate +
not compressed +  and suborbiculate +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
persistent +
distinct +
not enlarging +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
scarious +  and herbaceous +
branched +  and simple +
erect;ascending +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (28 cm280 mm <br />0.28 m <br />) +
[30 +  and 3 +
papillate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +
distinct +
filiform +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Alsinopsis caroliniana +, Minuopsis caroliniana +  and Sabulina caroliniana +
Minuartia caroliniana +
Minuartia +
species +
divided +
10 +  and 8 +
erect +  and recurved +
rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
pubescence of simple hairs or stalked glands +  and glabrous +
23 +, 15 +, 14 +, 13 +, 12 +, 10 +, 9 +  and 7 +