Opuntia littoralis

(Engelmann) Cockerell

Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 4: 15. 1905.

Illustrated
Basionyms: Opuntia engelmannii var. littoralis Engelmann in W. H. Brewer et al., Bot. Calif. 1: 248. 1876
Synonyms: Opuntia lindheimeri var. littoralis (Engelmann) J. M. Coult er Opuntia occidentalis var. littoralis (Engelmann) Parish Opuntia semispinosa Griffiths
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Mentioned on page 140.

Shrubs, spreading to sprawling, forming large clumps, to 1 × 1–9 m. Stem segments not disarticulating, green, flattened, elliptic to obovate to rhombic, 15–25 (–40) × 6.5–14 cm, ± tuberculate, glabrous, usually glaucous; areoles 5–7 (–8) per diagonal row across midstem segment, prominent, subcircular (-oval), 4–6 × 4–5 mm, enlarging in age; wool gray. Spines 4–11 per areole, in most areoles, yellow with chalky white coat, to yellow with redbrown basal portions, aging reddish gray; erect ones terete, stout, straight; abaxial ones reflexed, shorter, to 12 mm; adaxial spines spreading, longest spines 20–40 mm. Glochids moderately dense in crescent at adaxial edge of areole, merging with subapical tuft when present, yellow to redbrown, to 5 mm. Flowers: inner tepals yellow to dull red throughout, 35–45 mm; filaments yellow to orange-yellow; anthers yellow; style pink to red; stigma lobes yellow-green to green. Fruits dark red-purple throughout, obovoid, 35–50 × 30–35 mm, juicy, glabrous, spineless; areoles 22–36. Seeds gray, subcircular, warped, 3–4.5 mm diam.; girdle protruding 0.5 mm. 2n = 66.


Phenology: Flowering spring (Apr–May).
Habitat: Coastal sage scrub, chaparral
Elevation: 10-400 m

Distribution

V4 266-distribution-map.gif

Calif. (including Channel Islands), Mexico (Baja California)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Opuntia littoralis"
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
cushionlike +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
22 +  and 36 +
subcircular +
enlarging +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Donald J. Pinkava +
(Engelmann) Cockerell +
Opuntia engelmannii var. littoralis +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
chalky white +
Calif. (including Channel Islands) +  and Mexico (Baja California) +
10-400 m +
yellow +  and orange-yellow +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
burlike +  and spiny +
dark red-purple +
straight +
indehiscent +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
35mm;50mm +
proliferating +
tuberculate +  and smooth +
obovoid +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
foveolate +  and reticulate +
Coastal sage scrub, chaparral +
oblong +  and spatulate +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
deciduous +
flattened +  and conic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
succulent +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
tinged color +
open +  and simple +
sometimes covered by outgrowths of proximal portion of style base or of flower tube wall +  and open +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Flowering spring (Apr–May). +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. +
3;2;2;30 +
tuberlike +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
warped;subcircular +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
not sheathed +
7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br /> (17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br />) +
reddish gray +  and yellow +
straight +
deciduous +  and persistent +
conspicuous +
with hairlike bristles +  and setose +
4 (?) +  and 11 (?) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
hard +  and rigid +
decurrent +
winged +  and unsegmented +
tuberculate +  and smooth +
not disarticulating +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
glaucous +  and glabrous +
6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
segmented +
woody +  and succulent +
yellow-green +  and green +
pink +  and red +
yellow +  and redbrown +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Opuntia lindheimeri var. littoralis +, Opuntia occidentalis var. littoralis +  and Opuntia semispinosa +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Opuntia littoralis +
species +
dull +  and glossy +
yellow +  and paler +
segmented +
terrestrial;epiphytic or epipetric +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
spreading +  and sprawling +