Cac t. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 36: 163, 3 figs. 1964.
Trees or shrubs, spreading, 2–3 m; trunk, when present, to 30 cm. Stem segments not disarticulating, dark green, flattened, subcircular to broadly obovate, 16–25 × 16–19 cm, nearly smooth, glabrous; areoles 8–10 per diagonal across midstem segment, prominent, subcircular, 4.5–5.5 mm, greatly enlarging to 10 mm diam.; wool tan to gray. Spines 5–13 per areole, in most areoles, usually reflexed, translucent yellow, aging redbrown, angular, curved, subulate, the longest 20–25 (–50) mm. Glochids in rather dense crescent along adaxial margins, increasing in length toward base, subapical tuft poorly developed, tan, aging brown, to 6 mm. Flowers: inner tepals yellow throughout, 25–40 mm; filaments yellow to orange-yellow; anthers yellow; style red; stigma lobes green or light green. Fruits red to red-purple, pale-yellow inside, with seed pulp red, subspheric to barrel-shaped, 37–60 × 30–45 mm, juicy, glabrous, spineless; areoles 23–63. Seeds gray-brown, subcircular to semicircular, 3.5–4 mm diam.; girdle protruding to 0.4 mm. 2n = 33 (an abnormal, polyhaploid individual), 66.
Phenology: Flowering spring (May).
Habitat: Coastal sage scrub, coastal chaparral
Elevation: 0-500 m
Calif. (including Channel Islands), Mexico (Baja California)
Opuntia demissa Griffiths is apparently a hybrid between O. oricola and an unknown taxon (B. D. Parfitt and M. A. Baker 1993), likely to be O. littoralis. The hybrid appears to be rather widespread and blurs distinctions between the putative parents.
"enlarging" is not a number.