Orobanche californica subsp. condensa

Heckard

Madroño 22: 59, fig. 1I–L. 1973.

Endemic
Synonyms: Aphyllon californicum subsp. condensum (Heckard) A. C. Schneider
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 480. Mentioned on page 478, 481.

Plants simple or sparsely branched below-ground, 5–10 (–15) cm, portion proximal to inflorescence 3–8 (–12) cm, slender or stout. Inflorescences corymbs, sometimes subcorymbose or subcapitate racemes, 2–6 cm; bracts pallid to pinkish tinged, drying brown. Pedicels 5–12 mm. Calyces 10–16 (–20) mm, lobes whitish or yellow, tinged with purple, linear-subulate, 7–13 mm. Corollas sordid white to yellowish distally, 25–35 mm; tube relatively broad, usually abruptly widening slightly toward throat; throat 6–8 mm wide; lips 8–10 (–12) mm, abaxial lobes lanceolate-oblong to narrowly triangular, 3–4 mm wide, apex bluntly acute or obtuse, sometimes retuse or emarginate, adaxial lobes broadly oblong, apex obtuse, rounded, or emarginate, rarely acute. 2n = 48.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jun.
Habitat: Sandy or gravelly soils of dry bottomlands.
Elevation: 100–500 m.

Discussion

Subspecies condensa is found in the interior South Coast Ranges of southern California from San Benito to Santa Barbara counties. It appears to be host specific on Heterotheca villosa (Asteraceae).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

lanceolate-oblong +  and narrowly triangular +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and villous +
glandular-pubescent +
Acute (?) +, Emarginate (?) +, Rounded (?) +, Obtuse (?) +  and Retuse (?) +
L. Turner Collins +, Alison E. L. Colwell +  and George Yatskievych +
Heckard +
enlarged +
oblong;lanceolate;oblong;lanceolate;deltate;triangular;ovate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
not leathery +, not +  and fleshy +
brown;pallid;pinkish tinged +
appressed +  and spreading +
less lanceolate +  and oblanceolate +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
pallid +  and dark purple pink yellow or white +
divided +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
ovoid;cylindric-ovoid +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br />) +
sordid white +  and yellowish +
Bent (?) +  and Tubular (?) +
constricted +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
spikelike +
100–500 m. +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Sandy or gravelly soils of dry bottomlands. +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
branched +  and simple +
pallid cream +  and nearly white +
deciduous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
cream +  and pinkish or purplish tinged or pink +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
tinged with purple +, yellow +  and whitish +
loosely ascending +  and recurved +
glandular-pubescent +
linear-subulate +
erosulate +  and entire +
lobed +, toothed +  and entire +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
spikelike +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Jun. +
stout +  and slender +
subcorymbose +
spikelike +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
branched +  and unbranched +
inconspicuous +
coralloid +
stout +  and slender +
500 +  and 2000 +
prismatic +, ovoid +  and oblong-ellipsoid +
5 +  and 4 +
subequal +
yellow +  and white +
aerial +  and subterranean +
capitate +  and crateriform-peltate +
clavate +  and 2-4-lobed +
Aphyllon californicum subsp. condensum +
Orobanche californica subsp. condensa +
Orobanche californica +
subspecies +
cream;pinkish or purplish tinged or pink +
glandular-puberulent +
constricted +
widening +  and broad +
branched +  and simple +
perennial +  and annual +
holoparasitic +  and hemiparasitic +
stout +  and slender +