Pedicularis attollens

A. Gray

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7: 384. 1868.

Common names: Little elephant’s head elephant snouts Attoll lousewort woolly mammoth
Endemic
Synonyms: Elephantella attollens (A. Gray) A. Heller
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 514. Mentioned on page 512, 523.

Plants 15–78 cm. Leaves: basal 5–25, blade elliptic, 60–150 (or 200–250) x 3–23 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping, serrate, surfaces glabrous or scattered glands; cauline 2–20, blade elliptic, 5–50 (–100) x 1–5 mm, undivided or 1 (or 2) -pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping, serrate, surfaces glabrous. Racemes simple, 1–3, exceeding basal leaves, each 10–50-flowered; bracts lanceolate to triangular, 5–10 x 3–10 mm, pinnatifid, margins entire, surfaces glabrous or tomentose. Pedicels 1.2–1.6 mm. Flowers: calyx 4–5 mm, glabrous or tomentose, lobes 5, triangular, 2–2.5 mm, apex entire, glabrous; corolla 6–8 mm, tube pink, rarely white, 3–6 mm; galea white or pink with 2 purple spots or stripes, 1–2 mm, beaked, beak coiled, 3–6 mm, base curving, margins entire medially and distally, apex not surrounded by abaxial lip, axis of coil nearly vertical; abaxial lip pendulous, white or pink with purple stripe, 4–5.5 mm. 2n = 16.

Discussion

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

The flowers of Pedicularis attollens, like those of P. groenlandica, resemble an elephant’s head, and A. Heller placed them both in Elephantella. The short, upturned beak, in contrast to the long, more horizontal downturned beak of P. groenlandica, is a distinguishing feature of P. attollens. Whereas P. groenlandica occurs across much of western and arctic North America, P. attollens is found primarily in the Cascade Range of central and southern Oregon and the Sierra Nevada of California and Nevada. It is also reported from the Klamath Range to the west and the White and Sweetwater mountains and the Warner Range to the east of the Sierra Nevada.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Basal leaves 1-pinnatifid. Pedicularis attollens subsp. attollens
1 Basal leaves 2-pinnatifid. Pedicularis attollens subsp. protogyna
... more about "Pedicularis attollens"
pink +  and white +
beakless +  and beaked +
Bruce W. Robart +
A. Gray +
curving +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1-pinnatifid;undivided;2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
1mm;5mm +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
pinnatifid +, lanceolate +  and triangular +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
tomentose;glabrous +
tubular +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
fleshy +  and woody +
whorled +  and alternate +
Little elephant’s head +, elephant snouts +, Attoll lousewort +  and woolly mammoth +
white +, yellow +, red +, purple +  and pink +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Calif. +, Nev. +  and Oreg. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
pink +  and white +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
triangular +
entire +  and serrate +
nonoverlapping +
crenate +  and serrate +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
10-50-flowered;simple +
5 +  and 100 +
5 +  and 2 +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
Woolly (?) +, Villous (?) +, Hispid (?) +  and Glabrous (?) +
purple spots +
tomentose;glabrous;glabrous;glabrous +
Elephantella attollens +
Pedicularis attollens +
Pedicularis +
species +
white;pink +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +