Pedicularis densiflora

Bentham in W. J. Hooker

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 110. 1838.

Common names: Indian warrior
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 521. Mentioned on page 513, 514.

Plants 10–50 cm. Leaves: basal 1–10, blade lanceolate, 30–200 x 20–70 mm, 2 (or 3) -pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or extensively overlapping distally, 1-serrate, surfaces glabrous, hispid, or downy; cauline 4–20, blade lanceolate, 15–250 x 5–100 mm, 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or extensively overlapping distally, serrate, surfaces glabrous, hispid, or downy. Racemes simple, 1–5, exceeding basal leaves, each 10–50-flowered; bracts lanceolate to trullate, 10–35 x 3–5 mm, undivided or 1-pinnatifid, proximal margins entire, distal 1-serrate or 2-serrate, surfaces glabrous. Pedicels 2–4 mm. Flowers: calyx 9–18 mm, downy to tomentose, lobes 5, triangular, 3–4 mm, apex entire, ciliate; corolla 23–43 mm, tube dark red, purple, or orange-yellow, rarely white, 8–18 mm; galea dark red, purple, or orange-yellow, rarely white, 15–25 mm, beakless, margins entire medially and distally, apex straight; abaxial lip dark red, purple, or orange-yellow, rarely white, 8–15 mm. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering Feb–May.
Habitat: Mixed coniferous forests.
Elevation: 30–3100 m.

Distribution

Calif., Oreg., Mexico (Baja California)

Discussion

Scarlet corollas with an undomed, toothless galea and two- or three-pinnatifid leaves are diagnostic of Pedicularis densiflora. This species occurs in forested subalpine regions of southern Oregon, western slopes of the Sierra Nevada, and the Coast Ranges of California south to Baja California. Herbarium records indicate northern populations of P. densiflora occur at higher elevations than do more southern populations.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Pedicularis densiflora"
white +, orange-yellow +, purple +  and dark red +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
beakless +  and beaked +
straight +
Bruce W. Robart +
Bentham in W. J. Hooker +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid;lanceolate;2-pinnatifid;lanceolate +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
5mm;100mm +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
1-pinnatifid +, undivided +, lanceolate +  and trullate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
downy;tomentose +
tubular +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
fleshy +  and woody +
whorled +  and alternate +
Indian warrior +
white +, yellow +, red +, purple +  and pink +
2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br /> (4.3 cm43 mm <br />0.043 m <br />) +
2-serrate +  and 1-serrate +
Calif. +, Oreg. +  and Mexico (Baja California) +
30–3100 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
white +, orange-yellow +, purple +  and dark red +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Mixed coniferous forests. +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
triangular +
entire +, serrate +  and 1-serrate +
overlapping +  and nonoverlapping +
crenate +  and serrate +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Flowering Feb–May. +
Fl. Bor.-Amer. +
10-50-flowered;simple +
5 +  and 100 +
5 +  and 2 +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
Woolly (?) +, Villous (?) +, Hispid (?) +  and Glabrous (?) +
glabrous;downy;hispid;downy;hispid;glabrous;downy;hispid;downy;hispid;glabrous +
Elephantella +  and Pediculariopsis +
Pedicularis densiflora +
Pedicularis +
species +
white;orange-yellow;purple;orange-yellow;purple;dark red +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +