Pedicularis flammea

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 609. 1753.

Common names: Red-tipped lousewort redrattle pédiculaire flammée
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 522. Mentioned on page 513, 518, 526.

Plants 1.5–20 cm. Leaves: basal 2–5, blade lanceolate, 5–25 x 2–6 mm, 1-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, 2-serrate, surfaces glabrous; cauline 3–6, blade lanceolate, 5–30 x 3–10 mm, 1-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, 2-serrate, surfaces glabrous. Racemes simple, 1 or 2, exceeding basal leaves, each 5–10-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 10–15 x 1–2 mm, pinnatifid, proximal margins entire, distal 1-serrate or 2-serrate, surfaces glabrous. Pedicels 3–10 mm. Flowers: calyx 4.5–7 mm, glabrous, lobes 5, triangular, 1.5–2.5 mm, apex entire, glabrous; corolla 12–15 mm, tube yellow, 8–10 mm; galea bicolored, yellow proximally, dark red to purple distally, 4–5 mm, beakless, margins entire medially and distally, apex arching slightly over abaxial lip; abaxial lip yellow, 1.5–3 mm. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering Jul.
Habitat: Wet meadows, along streams, tundras, flood plains.
Elevation: 0–2500 m.

Distribution

Greenland, Alta., Man., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Europe (Norway), Europe (Sweden), Asia, Atlantic Islands (Iceland)

Discussion

Pedicularis flammea is often confused with P. oederi, which also has red- or purple-tipped galeas. Compared to other Pedicularis species, including P. oederi, flowers of P. flammea are much smaller.

Pedicularis flammea is a boreal-arctic species found only in northern parts of many Canadian provinces.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Pedicularis flammea"
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
beakless +  and beaked +
Bruce W. Robart +
Linnaeus +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
1-pinnatifid;lanceolate;1-pinnatifid;lanceolate +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
3mm;10mm +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
pinnatifid +  and lanceolate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
tubular +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
fleshy +  and woody +
whorled +  and alternate +
Red-tipped lousewort +, redrattle +  and pédiculaire flammée +
white +, yellow +, red +, purple +  and pink +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
2-serrate +  and 1-serrate +
Greenland +, Alta. +, Man. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, Que. +, Europe (Norway) +, Europe (Sweden) +, Asia +  and Atlantic Islands (Iceland) +
0–2500 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
dark red +  and purple +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Wet meadows, along streams, tundras, flood plains. +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
triangular +
entire +  and 2-serrate +
overlapping +  and nonoverlapping +
crenate +  and serrate +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul. +
5-10-flowered;simple +
5 +  and 100 +
5 +  and 2 +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
Woolly (?) +, Villous (?) +, Hispid (?) +  and Glabrous (?) +
glabrous;glabrous;glabrous +
Elephantella +  and Pediculariopsis +
Pedicularis flammea +
Pedicularis +
species +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +