Pedicularis furbishiae

S. Watson

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 375. 1882.

Common names: Furbish lousewort
EndemicConservation concern
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 522. Mentioned on page 512.

Plants 40–90 cm. Leaves: basal 4, blade lanceolate to elliptic, 70–130 x 35–50 mm, 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, serrate, surfaces hispid; cauline 7, blade lanceolate to elliptic, 20–90 x 8–35 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, serrate, surfaces hispid. Racemes simple or paniculate, 1–4, exceeding basal leaves, each 3–30-flowered; bracts trullate, 8–13 x 7–10 mm, undivided or pinnatifid, margins serrate to 2-serrate, surfaces hispid. Pedicels 1–3 mm. Flowers: calyx 5–12 mm, hispid-glandular, lobes 5, narrowly triangular, 3–4.5 mm, apex entire or dentate, glabrous; corolla 14–19 mm, tube yellow, 8–10 mm; galea yellow, apically sometimes tinged red, 6–8.5 mm, beakless, margins entire medially, 1-toothed distally, apex arching slightly over abaxial lip; abaxial lip yellow with apex sometimes tinged red, 7–7.5 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Riverbanks.
Elevation: 100–300 m.

Discussion

Discovered in 1880, and at one time believed extinct, Pedicularis furbishiae was rediscovered in 1974 during an environmental impact survey for a proposed dam on the St. John's River and thereafter was placed on the Federal Register under the Endangered Species Act (L. W. Macior 1981). Metapopulation dynamics suggest that an ecologically intact watershed is required for long-term persistence (E. S. Menges 1990). A recovery strategy has been adopted for this species in New Brunswick (Furbish's Lousewort Recovery Team 2006; Environment Canada 2010). Pedicularis furbishiae is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Pedicularis furbishiae"
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (0.75 cm7.5 mm <br />0.0075 m <br />) +
beakless +  and beaked +
dentate +  and entire +
tinged red +
Bruce W. Robart +
S. Watson +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid;lanceolate;elliptic +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
8mm;35mm +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
pinnatifid +, undivided +  and trullate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
tubular +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
fleshy +  and woody +
whorled +  and alternate +
Furbish lousewort +
white +, yellow +, red +, purple +  and pink +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
N.B. +  and Maine. +
100–300 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
tinged red +  and yellow +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.85 cm8.5 mm <br />0.0085 m <br />) +
Riverbanks. +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
triangular +
entire +, serrate +  and 2-serrate +
overlapping +  and nonoverlapping +
1-toothed +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Sep. +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
3-30-flowered;simple +
canada2010a +, macior1981a +, menges1990a +  and team2006a +
5 +  and 100 +
5 +  and 2 +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
Woolly (?) +, Villous (?) +, Hispid (?) +  and Glabrous (?) +
hispid;hispid;hispid +
Elephantella +  and Pediculariopsis +
Pedicularis furbishiae +
Pedicularis +
species +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +