Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 55: 317. 1928.
Plants 10–40 cm. Leaves: basal 2–5, blade lanceolate, 40–80 x 3–20 mm, 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, serrate to 2-serrate, surfaces glabrous; cauline 2–6, blade lanceolate, 15–70 x 5–20 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, serrate, surfaces glabrous. Racemes simple, 1–4, exceeding basal leaves, each 10–50-flowered; bracts lanceolate or subulate to trullate, 10–15 x 1–2 mm, undivided or pinnatifid, proximal margins entire, distal serrate, surfaces glabrous or tomentose. Pedicels 1–3.5 mm. Flowers: calyx 7.5–11 mm, hispid to tomentose, lobes 5, linear to narrowly triangular, 4–5 mm, apex entire, glabrous or ciliate; corolla 16–19 mm, tube light or dark yellow, 8–10 mm; galea light or dark yellow, 8–9 mm, beakless, margins entire medially and distally, apex arching beyond abaxial lip; abaxial lip light or dark yellow, 4–5 mm.
Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Moist alpine grassy meadows, gravelly slopes.
Elevation: 1200–2000 m.
Pedicularis rainierensis is known from Mt. Rainier and the Crystal Mountain area. The species is easily confused with P. bracteosa var. latifolia, which often occurs in the same meadows. While the sizes and shapes of their flowers are nearly indistinguishable, P. rainierensis is a much smaller plant with leaves only about three fourths the size, proximal leaf lobes less than one fifth the size, inflorescences about one half the length, and the number of flowers greatly reduced in comparison to those of P. bracteosa var. latifolia.