Pedicularis sylvatica

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 607. 1753.

Common names: Redrattle
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 534. Mentioned on page 512.

Plants 3–10 cm. Leaves: basal 2–7, blade elliptic, 9–20 x 4–7 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, dentate, surfaces glabrous; cauline 2–6, blade elliptic to triangular, 5–16 x 1–5 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping, dentate, surfaces glabrous. Racemes simple, 1–5, exceeding basal leaves, each 2–10-flowered; bracts trullate to triangular, 3–15 x 6–11 mm, 2-pinnatifid, margins serrate, surfaces glabrous. Pedicels 0.7–3 mm. Flowers: calyx 9–14 mm, glabrous, lobes 5, triangular, 1.5–3.5 mm, apex pinnatifid, entire, glabrous; corolla 24–30 mm, tube pink, 15–25 mm; galea pink, 7–11 mm, beakless, margins entire medially, 1-toothed distally, apex arching slightly over abaxial lip; abaxial lip pink, 5.5–9 mm. 2n = 16 (Europe).


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Wet meadows.
Elevation: 30–80 m.

Distribution

Introduced; Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), Europe

Discussion

Pedicularis sylvatica is considered by L. Brouillet et al. (http://data.canadensys.net/vascan/) to be introduced in the flora area.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Pedicularis sylvatica"
0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
beakless +  and beaked +
Bruce W. Robart +
Linnaeus +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid;elliptic;triangular +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
1mm;5mm +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid +, trullate +  and triangular +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
tubular +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
fleshy +  and woody +
whorled +  and alternate +
Redrattle +
white +, yellow +, red +, purple +  and pink +
2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +  and Europe +
30–80 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
Wet meadows. +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
triangular +
entire +, serrate +  and dentate +
overlapping +  and nonoverlapping +
1-toothed +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Aug. +
2-10-flowered;simple +
5 +  and 100 +
5 +  and 2 +
Introduced +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
Woolly (?) +, Villous (?) +, Hispid (?) +  and Glabrous (?) +
glabrous;glabrous;glabrous +
Elephantella +  and Pediculariopsis +
Pedicularis sylvatica +
Pedicularis +
species +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +